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Profile of tuberculosis and its response to anti-TB drugs among tuberculosis patients treated under the TB control programme at Felege-Hiwot Referral Hospital, Ethiopia

Overview of attention for article published in BMC Public Health, August 2016
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1 tweeter

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Title
Profile of tuberculosis and its response to anti-TB drugs among tuberculosis patients treated under the TB control programme at Felege-Hiwot Referral Hospital, Ethiopia
Published in
BMC Public Health, August 2016
DOI 10.1186/s12889-016-3362-9
Pubmed ID
Authors

Yohannes Zenebe, Yesuf Adem, Daniel Mekonnen, Awoke Derbie, Fetlework Bereded, Minichil Bantie, Begna Tulu, Derese Hailu, Fantahun Biadglegne

Abstract

Tuberculosis (TB) is a global concern for both developing and developed countries. Currently it becomes more complex due to increasing levels of drug resistance and HIV co-infection. Delayed diagnosis and high case load are major factors contributing to continued transmission and failure to the treatment outcome. The study was conducted to determine the profile and treatment outcomes of TB patients at Felege-Hiwot Referral Hospital. We analyzed the records of 1761 TB patients registered for treatment in Felege Hiwot Referral Hospital from July 2010 to June 2015. Data on patients' socio-demographic characteristics, type of TB, HIV status and treatment outcome were analysed. Descriptive statistics and binary logistic regression models were used to present data. The odds ratio and the 95 % confidence intervals were calculated. A p-value of < 0.05 was considered statistical significant. The proportion of smear positive, smear-negative and extra-pulmonary TB were 205 (11.6 %), 548 (31.1 %) and 1008 (57.2 %), respectively. The overall treatment success rate accounts 542(80.8 %) with unsuccessful treatment of 129(19.2 %). The treatment outcome varied by the years from 68.9 to 97.4 %. Among tuberculosis patients, 459(26.1 %) of them were HIV positive. Being HIV positive (AOR = 4.29, 95 % CI, 2.20-8.37 P = 0.001), retreatment (AOR = 5.32, 95 % CI, 1.92-14.3, P = 0.001), rural residency (AOR = 18.0, 95 % CI, 9.06-37.82, P = 0.001) and the age group of 15-24 years (AOR = 2.91, 95%CI, 1.00-8.45, P = 0.04) showed statistical significant association for poor treatment outcome. In the studied region, the overall treatment success rate was still below the WHO target of success rate, 85 %. However, the trend of treatment success rate showed a promising increment. Patients at high risk of unsuccessful treatment outcome should be identified early and given additional follow-up, medical intervention and social support.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profile of 1 tweeter who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 111 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 111 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Master 19 17%
Student > Ph. D. Student 11 10%
Student > Bachelor 10 9%
Researcher 9 8%
Student > Postgraduate 8 7%
Other 25 23%
Unknown 29 26%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Medicine and Dentistry 31 28%
Nursing and Health Professions 11 10%
Immunology and Microbiology 10 9%
Social Sciences 5 5%
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology 4 4%
Other 20 18%
Unknown 30 27%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 1. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 04 August 2016.
All research outputs
#7,068,007
of 8,166,192 outputs
Outputs from BMC Public Health
#6,498
of 6,929 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#217,581
of 257,711 outputs
Outputs of similar age from BMC Public Health
#329
of 356 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 8,166,192 research outputs across all sources so far. This one is in the 1st percentile – i.e., 1% of other outputs scored the same or lower than it.
So far Altmetric has tracked 6,929 research outputs from this source. They typically receive more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 9.0. This one is in the 1st percentile – i.e., 1% of its peers scored the same or lower than it.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 257,711 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one is in the 1st percentile – i.e., 1% of its contemporaries scored the same or lower than it.
We're also able to compare this research output to 356 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one is in the 1st percentile – i.e., 1% of its contemporaries scored the same or lower than it.