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Comparative genome analysis of multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa JNQH-PA57, a clinically isolated mucoid strain with comprehensive carbapenem resistance mechanisms

Overview of attention for article published in BMC Microbiology, May 2021
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4 tweeters

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3 Dimensions

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Title
Comparative genome analysis of multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa JNQH-PA57, a clinically isolated mucoid strain with comprehensive carbapenem resistance mechanisms
Published in
BMC Microbiology, May 2021
DOI 10.1186/s12866-021-02203-4
Pubmed ID
Authors

Mingju Hao, Wanshan Ma, Xiutao Dong, Xiaofeng Li, Fang Cheng, Yujiao Wang

Abstract

The prevalence of clinical multidrug-resistant (MDR) Pseudomonas aeruginosa has been increasing rapidly worldwide over the years and responsible for a wide range of acute and chronic infections with high mortalities. Although hundreds of complete genomes of clinical P. aeruginosa isolates have been sequenced, only a few complete genomes of mucoid strains are available, limiting a comprehensive understanding of this important group of opportunistic pathogens. Herein, the complete genome of a clinically isolated mucoid strain P. aeruginosa JNQH-PA57 was sequenced and assembled using Illumina and Oxford nanopore sequencing technologies. Genomic features, phylogenetic relationships, and comparative genomics of this pathogen were comprehensively analyzed using various bioinformatics tools. A series of phenotypic and molecular-genetic tests were conducted to investigate the mechanisms of carbapenem resistance in this strain. Several genomic features of MDR P. aeruginosa JNQH-PA57 were identified based on the whole-genome sequencing. We found that the accessory genome of JNQH-PA57 including several prophages, genomic islands, as well as a PAPI-1 family integrative and conjugative element (ICE), mainly contributed to the larger genome of this strain (6,747,067 bp) compared to other popular P. aeruginosa strains (with an average genome size of 6,445,223 bp) listed in Pseudomonas Genome Database. Colony morphology analysis and biofilm crystal staining assay respectively demonstrated an enhanced alginate production and a thicker biofilm formation capability of JNQH-PA57. A deleted mutation at nt 424 presented in mucA gene, resulted in the upregulated expression of a sigma-factor AlgU and a GDP mannose dehydrogenase AlgD, which might explain the mucoid phenotype of this strain. As for the carbapenem resistance mechanisms, our results revealed that the interplay between impaired OprD porin, chromosomal β-lactamase OXA-488 expression, MexAB-OprM and MexXY-OprM efflux pumps overexpression, synergistically with the alginates-overproducing protective biofilm, conferred the high carbapenem resistance to P. aeruginosa JNQH-PA57. Based on the genome analysis, we could demonstrate that the upregulated expression of algU and algD, which due to the truncation variant of MucA, might account for the mucoid phenotype of JNQH-PA57. Moreover, the resistance to carbapenem in P. aeruginosa JNQH-PA57 is multifactorial. The dataset presented in this study provided an essential genetic basis for the comprehensive cognition of the physiology, pathogenicity, and carbapenem resistance mechanisms of this clinical mucoid strain.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 4 tweeters who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 7 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 7 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Ph. D. Student 1 14%
Student > Postgraduate 1 14%
Lecturer > Senior Lecturer 1 14%
Student > Master 1 14%
Unknown 3 43%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology 3 43%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 1 14%
Unknown 3 43%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 2. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 03 May 2021.
All research outputs
#11,655,081
of 18,461,354 outputs
Outputs from BMC Microbiology
#1,350
of 2,775 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#182,122
of 331,720 outputs
Outputs of similar age from BMC Microbiology
#1
of 1 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 18,461,354 research outputs across all sources so far. This one is in the 34th percentile – i.e., 34% of other outputs scored the same or lower than it.
So far Altmetric has tracked 2,775 research outputs from this source. They receive a mean Attention Score of 3.9. This one is in the 46th percentile – i.e., 46% of its peers scored the same or lower than it.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 331,720 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one is in the 42nd percentile – i.e., 42% of its contemporaries scored the same or lower than it.
We're also able to compare this research output to 1 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one has scored higher than all of them