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Household sanitation facilities and women’s risk of non-partner sexual violence in India

Overview of attention for article published in BMC Public Health, November 2016
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About this Attention Score

  • In the top 5% of all research outputs scored by Altmetric
  • High Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age (98th percentile)
  • High Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age and source (97th percentile)

Mentioned by

news
18 news outlets
blogs
1 blog
policy
1 policy source
twitter
42 tweeters

Citations

dimensions_citation
45 Dimensions

Readers on

mendeley
183 Mendeley
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Title
Household sanitation facilities and women’s risk of non-partner sexual violence in India
Published in
BMC Public Health, November 2016
DOI 10.1186/s12889-016-3797-z
Pubmed ID
Authors

Apoorva Jadhav, Abigail Weitzman, Emily Smith-Greenaway

Abstract

Globally, one in ten individuals practice open defecation. Despite media speculation that it increases women's risk of sexual violence, little empirical evidence supports the claims. We investigate the relationship between household sanitation facilities and women's risk of non-partner sexual violence (NPSV) in India, where nearly half of the population lives without a pit or toilet. We use the most recent NPSV data, from the National Family Health Survey-III, to estimate logistic regression models of the effects of household sanitation facilities (toilet, pit, or none) on NPSV in the last year among women who have resided in their current home for one year or more. These effects are estimated net of other socioeconomic factors, compared to effects of household sanitation facilities on child diarrhea, and, as a falsification test, compared to effects of household sanitation facilities on intimate partner sexual violence (IPSV) in the last year. Net of their socioeconomic status, women who use open defecation are twice as likely to face NPSV as women with a household toilet. This is twice the association between open defecation and child diarrhea. The results of our falsification test indicate that open defecation is not correlated with IPSV, thus disconfirming a simultaneous selection of women into open defecation and sexual violence. Our findings provide empirical evidence that lacking household sanitation is associated with higher risk of NPSV.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 42 tweeters who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 183 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
United States 1 <1%
Unknown 182 99%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Master 31 17%
Student > Ph. D. Student 26 14%
Researcher 22 12%
Student > Bachelor 13 7%
Student > Doctoral Student 10 5%
Other 31 17%
Unknown 50 27%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Social Sciences 34 19%
Nursing and Health Professions 23 13%
Engineering 12 7%
Environmental Science 12 7%
Medicine and Dentistry 9 5%
Other 29 16%
Unknown 64 35%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 188. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 17 April 2022.
All research outputs
#159,392
of 21,751,441 outputs
Outputs from BMC Public Health
#146
of 14,099 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#4,589
of 425,407 outputs
Outputs of similar age from BMC Public Health
#20
of 860 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 21,751,441 research outputs across all sources so far. Compared to these this one has done particularly well and is in the 99th percentile: it's in the top 5% of all research outputs ever tracked by Altmetric.
So far Altmetric has tracked 14,099 research outputs from this source. They typically receive a lot more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 13.8. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 98% of its peers.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 425,407 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 98% of its contemporaries.
We're also able to compare this research output to 860 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 97% of its contemporaries.