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Dapagliflozin decreases small dense low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol and increases high-density lipoprotein 2-cholesterol in patients with type 2 diabetes: comparison with sitagliptin

Overview of attention for article published in Cardiovascular Diabetology, January 2017
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About this Attention Score

  • In the top 25% of all research outputs scored by Altmetric
  • High Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age (90th percentile)
  • High Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age and source (90th percentile)

Mentioned by

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31 tweeters
facebook
2 Facebook pages

Citations

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104 Dimensions

Readers on

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118 Mendeley
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Title
Dapagliflozin decreases small dense low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol and increases high-density lipoprotein 2-cholesterol in patients with type 2 diabetes: comparison with sitagliptin
Published in
Cardiovascular Diabetology, January 2017
DOI 10.1186/s12933-016-0491-5
Pubmed ID
Authors

Toshiyuki Hayashi, Tomoyasu Fukui, Noriko Nakanishi, Saki Yamamoto, Masako Tomoyasu, Anna Osamura, Makoto Ohara, Takeshi Yamamoto, Yasuki Ito, Tsutomu Hirano

Abstract

The sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 (SGLT-2) inhibitors have been reported to increase both low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol (C). This study aimed to determine how SGLT-2 inhibitors affect LDL and HDL-C subspecies. This single center, open-label, randomized, prospective study included 80 patients with type 2 diabetes taking prescribed oral hypoglycemic agents. Patients were allocated to receive dapagliflozin (n = 40) or sitagliptin (n = 40) as add-on treatment. Fasting blood samples were collected before and 12 weeks after this intervention. Small dense (sd) LDL-C, large buoyant (lb) LDL-C, HDL2-C, and HDL3-C levels were determined using our established homogeneous assays. Statistical comparison of blood parameters before and after treatment was performed using the paired t test. Dapagliflozin and sitagliptin comparably decreased HbA1c (0.75 and 0.63%, respectively). Dapagliflozin significantly decreased body weight, systolic blood pressure, plasma triglycerides and liver transaminases, and increased adiponectin; sitagliptin did not alter these measurements. LDL-C and apolipoprotein (apo) B were not significantly changed by dapagliflozin, whereas HDL-C and apo AI were increased. Dapagliflozin did not alter concentrations of LDL-C, but sd LDL-C decreased by 20% and lb LDL-C increased by 18%. Marked elevation in lb LDL-C (53%) was observed in individuals (n = 20) whose LDL-C was elevated by dapagliflozin. However, sd LDL-C remained suppressed (20%). Dapagliflozin increased HDL2-C by 18% without affecting HDL3-C. Sitagliptin did not alter plasma lipids or lipoprotein subspecies. A SGLT-2 inhibitor, dapagliflozin suppresses potent atherogenic sd LDL-C and increased HDL2-C, a favorable cardiometabolic marker. Although LDL-C levels are elevated by treatment with dapagliflozin, this was due to increased concentrations of the less atherogenic lb LDL-C. However, these findings were not observed after treatment with dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor, sitagliptin. Trial registration UMIN Clinical Trials Registry (UMIN000020984).

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 31 tweeters who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 118 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Spain 1 <1%
Unknown 117 99%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Bachelor 18 15%
Researcher 15 13%
Other 12 10%
Student > Master 10 8%
Student > Doctoral Student 6 5%
Other 17 14%
Unknown 40 34%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Medicine and Dentistry 43 36%
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology 7 6%
Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science 6 5%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 4 3%
Nursing and Health Professions 3 3%
Other 9 8%
Unknown 46 39%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 18. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 11 April 2022.
All research outputs
#1,669,506
of 22,067,443 outputs
Outputs from Cardiovascular Diabetology
#91
of 1,293 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#41,416
of 424,471 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Cardiovascular Diabetology
#10
of 98 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 22,067,443 research outputs across all sources so far. Compared to these this one has done particularly well and is in the 92nd percentile: it's in the top 10% of all research outputs ever tracked by Altmetric.
So far Altmetric has tracked 1,293 research outputs from this source. They typically receive more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 8.4. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 93% of its peers.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 424,471 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 90% of its contemporaries.
We're also able to compare this research output to 98 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 90% of its contemporaries.