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Socio-demographic, environmental and caring risk factors for childhood drowning deaths in Bangladesh

Overview of attention for article published in BMC Pediatrics, September 2015
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About this Attention Score

  • In the top 25% of all research outputs scored by Altmetric
  • High Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age (81st percentile)

Mentioned by

1 news outlet
1 policy source

Readers on

90 Mendeley
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Socio-demographic, environmental and caring risk factors for childhood drowning deaths in Bangladesh
Published in
BMC Pediatrics, September 2015
DOI 10.1186/s12887-015-0431-7
Pubmed ID

Mosharaf Hossain, Kulanthayan K. C. Mani, Sherina Mohd Sidik, K. S. Hayati, A. K. M. Fazlur Rahman


Drowning contributes to incapacity and early death in many countries. In low- and middle-income countries, children are the most susceptible to fatalities. Over 50 % of the global drowning deaths occur among children aged under 15 years old with children aged between 1 and 4 years of age being most at risk. In Bangladesh, drowning rates are 10 to 20 times more than those in other developing countries. The object of this study is to determine the socio-demographic, environmental and caring hazard issues for child drowning in Bangladesh. A case-control study was conducted, with data collected from the Bangladesh Health and Injury Survey (BHIS) to identify the social-demographic and environmental factors associated with childhood drowning. The participants represented 171,366 households from seven divisions of Bangladesh-Dhaka, Rajshahi, Chittagong, Barisal, Sylhet, Khulna and Rangpur. The survey was conducted between January and December of 2003. A total of 141 children drowning were identified in the year preceding the survey. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics and logistic regression analysis. The odds ratios with 95 % CI intervals were estimated for various associated factors for child drowning deaths. In Bangladesh, in 2003, the incidence of drowning deaths was 104.8 per 100,000 among those aged less than 5 years; 168.7 per 100,000 in rural areas; male 32.4 per 100,000; 112.7 per 100,000 between 10:00 a.m. and 2:00 p.m.; and cannot swim 134.9 per 100,000. The socio-demographic danger factors for child drowning deaths were: being male (OR = 1.45, 95 % CI = 1.34-1.78), aged less than 5 years (OR = 2.89, 95 % CI = 1.89-3.11), urban areas (OR = 0.67, 95 % CI = 0.67-1.87), and mother being illiterate (OR = 1.69, 95 % CI = 1.01-2.81). Significant environmental and caring factors included mother/caregiver not being the accompanying person (OR = 25.4, 95 % CI = 14.4-45.3) and children cannot swim (OR = 4.5, 95 % CI = 1.25-19.4). Drowning is the single largest reason for the mortality of children aged less than five years. There is a need to educate Bangladeshi parents and encourage behavioural change concerning supervision. The Government should use mass media to raise awareness about drowning among the community with a focus on rural areas. Policies should focus on increasing supervision by mothers/care persons, swimming skills, and should target illiterate mothers. Therefore, there is an immediate need for the Bangladeshi Government to address the problem of drowning.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 90 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Canada 1 1%
Unknown 89 99%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Master 14 16%
Student > Bachelor 11 12%
Student > Ph. D. Student 10 11%
Researcher 9 10%
Student > Postgraduate 6 7%
Other 14 16%
Unknown 26 29%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Medicine and Dentistry 13 14%
Nursing and Health Professions 10 11%
Social Sciences 9 10%
Sports and Recreations 8 9%
Psychology 8 9%
Other 8 9%
Unknown 34 38%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 10. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 23 July 2021.
All research outputs
of 20,083,595 outputs
Outputs from BMC Pediatrics
of 2,530 outputs
Outputs of similar age
of 284,151 outputs
Outputs of similar age from BMC Pediatrics
of 1 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 20,083,595 research outputs across all sources so far. Compared to these this one has done well and is in the 87th percentile: it's in the top 25% of all research outputs ever tracked by Altmetric.
So far Altmetric has tracked 2,530 research outputs from this source. They typically receive a little more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 7.1. This one has done well, scoring higher than 85% of its peers.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 284,151 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one has done well, scoring higher than 81% of its contemporaries.
We're also able to compare this research output to 1 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one has scored higher than all of them