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Prevention of feline leishmaniosis with an imidacloprid 10%/flumethrin 4.5% polymer matrix collar

Overview of attention for article published in Parasites & Vectors, July 2017
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Prevention of feline leishmaniosis with an imidacloprid 10%/flumethrin 4.5% polymer matrix collar
Published in
Parasites & Vectors, July 2017
DOI 10.1186/s13071-017-2258-6
Pubmed ID

Emanuele Brianti, Luigi Falsone, Ettore Napoli, Gabriella Gaglio, Salvatore Giannetto, Maria Grazia Pennisi, Vito Priolo, Maria Stefania Latrofa, Viviana Domenica Tarallo, Fabrizio Solari Basano, Roberto Nazzari, Katrin Deuster, Matthias Pollmeier, Laura Gulotta, Vito Colella, Filipe Dantas-Torres, Gioia Capelli, Domenico Otranto


Leishmaniosis caused by Leishmania infantum is one of the most important vector-borne diseases affecting animals and humans worldwide. Dogs are considered main reservoirs of the zoonotic forms, though in the last years the role of cats as reservoirs has been increasingly investigated. Feline leishmaniosis (FeL) occurs in endemic areas and no specific preventive measures have been investigated so far. In this study the efficacy of a 10% imidacloprid/4.5% flumethrin polymer matrix collar, licensed for tick and flea prevention, has been assessed against FeL in a longitudinal study on 204 privately owned cats from the Aeolian islands (Sicily), an area highly endemic for the disease. From March to May 2015 [Study Day 0 (SD 0)], cats negative for FeL were collared (G1, n = 104) or left untreated (G2, n = 100). Diagnosis consisted of serology and qPCR on blood and conjunctival swabs, which were collected at baseline (SD 0) and at the end of the study (SD 360). Interim clinical examinations were performed on SD 210 (when collars were replaced in G1) and SD 270. Of the 159 cats which completed the study, 5 in G1 and 20 in G2 were positive for L. infantum infection, in at least one of the diagnostic tests leading to a yearly crude incidence of 6.3% and 25.0% in G1 and G2, respectively (P = 0.0026). This translates into an efficacy of the collar of 75.0% in preventing feline Leishmania infection. The collar was generally well tolerated with no systemic adverse reactions and few local skin reactions were observed in the application area in four out of 104 treated cats (3.8%). The 10% imidacloprid/4.5% flumethrin collar significantly reduced the risk of L. infantum infection in cats. To our knowledge, this is the first study in which a preventative strategy against feline Leishmania infection is assessed under natural conditions. These findings close a gap in veterinary medicine, in that they confirm this collar as a tool in reducing the risk of Leishmania infection in cats. Such a preventative tool could contribute to the reduction of the risk of the disease in animal and in human populations when included in integrated leishmaniosis control programmes.

Twitter Demographics

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Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 98 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 98 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Researcher 15 15%
Student > Doctoral Student 11 11%
Student > Bachelor 11 11%
Student > Ph. D. Student 10 10%
Student > Master 10 10%
Other 18 18%
Unknown 23 23%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine 31 32%
Medicine and Dentistry 10 10%
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology 7 7%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 7 7%
Nursing and Health Professions 3 3%
Other 9 9%
Unknown 31 32%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 1. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 20 August 2018.
All research outputs
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Outputs from Parasites & Vectors
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Altmetric has tracked 13,396,110 research outputs across all sources so far. This one is in the 23rd percentile – i.e., 23% of other outputs scored the same or lower than it.
So far Altmetric has tracked 3,563 research outputs from this source. They receive a mean Attention Score of 4.5. This one is in the 35th percentile – i.e., 35% of its peers scored the same or lower than it.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 262,111 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one is in the 32nd percentile – i.e., 32% of its contemporaries scored the same or lower than it.
We're also able to compare this research output to 1 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one has scored higher than all of them