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American Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in Panama: a historical review of entomological studies on anthropophilic Lutzomyia sand fly species

Overview of attention for article published in Parasites & Vectors, January 2014
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Title
American Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in Panama: a historical review of entomological studies on anthropophilic Lutzomyia sand fly species
Published in
Parasites & Vectors, January 2014
DOI 10.1186/1756-3305-7-218
Pubmed ID
Authors

Larissa C Dutari, Jose R Loaiza

Abstract

We review existing information on the epidemiology of American Cutaneous Leishmaniasis (ACL) in Panama, with emphasis on the bionomics of anthropophilic Lutzomyia sand fly species. Evidence from Panamanian studies suggests that there are six anthropophilic species in the country: Lutzomyia trapidoi, Lu. panamensis, Lu. gomezi, Lu. ylephiletor, Lu. sanguinaria and Lu. pessoana (Henceforth Lu. carrerai thula). In general, these taxa are abundant, widespread and feed opportunistically on their hosts, which make them potential transmitters of pathogens to a broad range of wildlife, domesticated animals and humans. Furthermore, nearly all man-biting species in Panama (with the exception of Lu. gomezi) expand demographically during the rainy season when transmission is likely higher due to elevated Leishmania infection rates in vector populations. Despite this, data on the distribution and prevalence of ACL suggest little influence of vector density on transmission intensity. Apart from Lu. trapidoi, anthropophilic species seem to be most active in the understory, but vertical stratification, as well as their opportunistic feeding behavior, could vary geographically. This in turn seems related to variation in host species composition and relative abundance across sites that have experienced different degrees of human alteration (e.g., deforestation) in leishmaniasis endemic regions of Panama.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 2 tweeters who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 95 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Spain 1 1%
Argentina 1 1%
Unknown 93 98%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Master 18 19%
Student > Bachelor 17 18%
Researcher 12 13%
Student > Ph. D. Student 10 11%
Other 8 8%
Other 12 13%
Unknown 18 19%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 28 29%
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology 13 14%
Medicine and Dentistry 12 13%
Immunology and Microbiology 8 8%
Environmental Science 3 3%
Other 8 8%
Unknown 23 24%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 1. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 28 January 2015.
All research outputs
#15,421,142
of 19,934,082 outputs
Outputs from Parasites & Vectors
#3,376
of 4,986 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#134,618
of 201,390 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Parasites & Vectors
#1
of 1 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 19,934,082 research outputs across all sources so far. This one is in the 19th percentile – i.e., 19% of other outputs scored the same or lower than it.
So far Altmetric has tracked 4,986 research outputs from this source. They typically receive a little more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 5.1. This one is in the 24th percentile – i.e., 24% of its peers scored the same or lower than it.
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