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Relationships between sickle cell trait, malaria, and educational outcomes in Tanzania

Overview of attention for article published in BMC Infectious Diseases, August 2017
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About this Attention Score

  • Good Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age (71st percentile)

Mentioned by

8 tweeters
1 Facebook page


1 Dimensions

Readers on

45 Mendeley
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Relationships between sickle cell trait, malaria, and educational outcomes in Tanzania
Published in
BMC Infectious Diseases, August 2017
DOI 10.1186/s12879-017-2644-x
Pubmed ID

Kevin Croke, Deus S. Ishengoma, Filbert Francis, Julie Makani, Mathias L. Kamugisha, John Lusingu, Martha Lemnge, Horacio Larreguy, Günther Fink, Bruno P. Mmbando


Sickle Cell Trait (SCT) has been shown to be protective against malaria. A growing literature suggests that malaria exposure can reduce educational attainment. This study assessed the relationship and interactions between malaria, SCT and educational attainment in north-eastern Tanzania. Seven hundred sixty seven children were selected from a list of individuals screened for SCT. Febrile illness and malaria incidence were monitored from January 2006 to December 2013 by community health workers. Education outcomes were extracted from the Korogwe Health and Demographic Surveillance system in 2015. The primary independent variables were malaria and SCT. The association between SCT and the number of fever and malaria episodes from 2006 to 2013 was analyzed. Main outcomes of interest were school enrolment and educational attainment in 2015. SCT was not associated with school enrolment (adjusted OR 1.42, 95% CI [0.593,3.412]) or highest grade attained (adjusted grade difference 0.0597, 95% CI [-0.567, 0.686]). SCT was associated with a 29% reduction in malaria incidence (adjusted IRR 0.71, 95% CI [0.526, 0.959]) but not with fever incidence (adjusted IRR 0.905, 95% CI [0.709-1.154]). In subgroup analysis of individuals with SCT, malaria exposure was associated with reduced school enrollment (adjusted OR 0.431, 95% CI [0.212, 0.877]). SCT appears to reduce incidence of malaria. Overall, children with SCT do not appear to attend more years of school; however children who get malaria despite SCT appear to have lower levels of enrolment in education than their peers.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 8 tweeters who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 45 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 45 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Master 10 22%
Researcher 7 16%
Student > Bachelor 6 13%
Student > Ph. D. Student 4 9%
Student > Doctoral Student 2 4%
Other 5 11%
Unknown 11 24%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology 7 16%
Medicine and Dentistry 7 16%
Social Sciences 4 9%
Computer Science 3 7%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 2 4%
Other 10 22%
Unknown 12 27%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 5. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 16 January 2018.
All research outputs
of 14,708,324 outputs
Outputs from BMC Infectious Diseases
of 5,481 outputs
Outputs of similar age
of 223,418 outputs
Outputs of similar age from BMC Infectious Diseases
of 2 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 14,708,324 research outputs across all sources so far. This one has received more attention than most of these and is in the 74th percentile.
So far Altmetric has tracked 5,481 research outputs from this source. They typically receive a little more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 5.9. This one has done well, scoring higher than 80% of its peers.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 223,418 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one has gotten more attention than average, scoring higher than 71% of its contemporaries.
We're also able to compare this research output to 2 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one has scored higher than all of them