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Bacterial pathogens associated with external ocular infections alongside eminent proportion of multidrug resistant isolates at the University of Gondar Hospital, northwest Ethiopia

Overview of attention for article published in BMC Ophthalmology, August 2017
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3 tweeters

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Title
Bacterial pathogens associated with external ocular infections alongside eminent proportion of multidrug resistant isolates at the University of Gondar Hospital, northwest Ethiopia
Published in
BMC Ophthalmology, August 2017
DOI 10.1186/s12886-017-0548-6
Pubmed ID
Authors

Ergibnesh Getahun, Baye Gelaw, Abate Assefa, Yared Assefa, Anteneh Amsalu

Abstract

External ocular infection is a public health problem in Ethiopia. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility pattern of external ocular bacterial infections. A cross sectional study was conducted at the University of Gondar Hospital among patients seeking health services at the Department of Ophthalmology from January to April, 2016. All patients with suspected external ocular infections were examined under slit lamp microscope. External ocular samples were collected using aseptic techniques. All samples were investigated by culture and bacteria were identified using standard methods. Drug susceptibility test was done using the Kirby-Bauer Disk diffusion method according to the guidelines of Clinical and Laboratory Standard Institute (CLSI). A total of 312 samples were collected and 58.3% were culture positive. The proportion of Gram positive bacterial pathogens was (88%), and Staphylococcus aureus (50.3%) was the predominantly isolated pathogen, followed by Coagulase negative staphylococci (CoNS) (33.5%) and Klebsiella species (4.7%). Conjunctivitis was the dominant clinical feature, but a high positive result for bacterial pathogens was observed among patients with dacryocystitis cases. The Gram positive bacterial isolates were susceptible to ciprofloxacin, chloramphinicol, amoxicillin-clavulanate and ceftriaxone. However, 65% of these Gram positive bacterial pathogens showed resistance to penicillin, ampicillin and amoxicillin. The prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infection was 24% and multidrug resistance (MDR) was observed in 87% of the isolated bacteria. Conjunctivitis was the dominant ophthalmic disease followed by blepharitis. The dominant bacteria species was S. aureus and MRSA infection is increasingly prevalent. The overall MDR bacterial pathogen proportion was very high. The high prevalence of MRSA and MDR bacterial pathogens dictate the need for effective prevention as important as for therapies.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 3 tweeters who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 62 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 62 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Bachelor 9 15%
Student > Ph. D. Student 8 13%
Student > Master 6 10%
Researcher 4 6%
Student > Doctoral Student 3 5%
Other 11 18%
Unknown 21 34%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Medicine and Dentistry 13 21%
Immunology and Microbiology 7 11%
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology 6 10%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 4 6%
Nursing and Health Professions 3 5%
Other 7 11%
Unknown 22 35%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 1. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 06 December 2017.
All research outputs
#10,730,085
of 14,123,042 outputs
Outputs from BMC Ophthalmology
#544
of 919 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#182,371
of 268,935 outputs
Outputs of similar age from BMC Ophthalmology
#1
of 1 outputs
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So far Altmetric has tracked 919 research outputs from this source. They receive a mean Attention Score of 2.3. This one is in the 36th percentile – i.e., 36% of its peers scored the same or lower than it.
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