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Phthalates and diet: a review of the food monitoring and epidemiology data

Overview of attention for article published in Environmental Health, June 2014
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About this Attention Score

  • In the top 5% of all research outputs scored by Altmetric
  • Among the highest-scoring outputs from this source (#36 of 1,457)
  • High Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age (99th percentile)

Mentioned by

34 news outlets
2 blogs
38 tweeters
2 Facebook pages
3 Google+ users
3 video uploaders


280 Dimensions

Readers on

328 Mendeley
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Phthalates and diet: a review of the food monitoring and epidemiology data
Published in
Environmental Health, June 2014
DOI 10.1186/1476-069x-13-43
Pubmed ID

Samantha E Serrano, Joseph Braun, Leonardo Trasande, Russell Dills, Sheela Sathyanarayana


Phthalates are associated with a variety of health outcomes, but sources that may be targeted for exposure reduction messaging remain elusive. Diet is considered a significant exposure pathway for these compounds. Therefore, we sought to identify primary foods associated with increased exposure through a review of the food monitoring survey and epidemiological data. A search in PubMed and Google Scholar for keywords "phthalates" and "diet" "food" "food stuffs" "dietary intake" "food intake" and "food concentration" resulted in 17 studies measuring phthalate concentrations in United States (US) and international foods, three epidemiological association studies, and three interventions. We report on food groups with high (≥300 μg/kg) and low (<50 μg/kg) concentrations and compare these to foods associated with phthalate body burden. Based on these data, we estimated daily intakes of di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate (DEHP) of US women of reproductive age, adolescents and infants for typical consumption patterns as well as healthy and poor diets. We consistently observed high DEHP concentrations in poultry, cooking oils and cream-based dairy products (≥300 μg/kg) across food monitoring studies. Diethyl phthalate (DEP) levels were found at low concentrations across all food groups. In line with these data, epidemiological studies showed positive associations between consumption of meats, discretionary fat and dairy products and DEHP. In contrast to food monitoring data, DEP was found to be associated with intake of vegetables in two studies. DEHP exposure estimates based on typical diets were 5.7, 8.1, and 42.1 μg/kg-day for women of reproductive age, adolescents and infants, respectively, with dairy as the largest contributor to exposure. Diets high in meat and dairy consumption resulted in two-fold increases in exposure. Estimates for infants based on a typical diet exceeded the Environmental Protection Agency's reference dose of 20 μg/kg-day while diets high in dairy and meat consumed by adolescents also exceeded this threshold. The review of the literature demonstrated that DEHP in some meats, fats and dairy products is consistently found in high concentrations and can contribute to exposure. Guidance on future research in this area is provided that may help to identify methods to reduce dietary phthalate exposures.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 38 tweeters who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 328 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
United States 2 <1%
Netherlands 1 <1%
Brazil 1 <1%
France 1 <1%
Spain 1 <1%
Mexico 1 <1%
Unknown 321 98%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Ph. D. Student 64 20%
Student > Bachelor 44 13%
Student > Master 42 13%
Researcher 40 12%
Other 21 6%
Other 52 16%
Unknown 65 20%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Medicine and Dentistry 52 16%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 36 11%
Environmental Science 32 10%
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology 22 7%
Chemistry 16 5%
Other 77 23%
Unknown 93 28%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 310. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 19 September 2022.
All research outputs
of 22,113,391 outputs
Outputs from Environmental Health
of 1,457 outputs
Outputs of similar age
of 206,704 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Environmental Health
of 1 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 22,113,391 research outputs across all sources so far. Compared to these this one has done particularly well and is in the 99th percentile: it's in the top 5% of all research outputs ever tracked by Altmetric.
So far Altmetric has tracked 1,457 research outputs from this source. They typically receive a lot more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 31.5. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 97% of its peers.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 206,704 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 99% of its contemporaries.
We're also able to compare this research output to 1 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one has scored higher than all of them