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Sex and ethnic/racial-specific risk factors for gallbladder disease

Overview of attention for article published in BMC Gastroenterology, December 2017
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Title
Sex and ethnic/racial-specific risk factors for gallbladder disease
Published in
BMC Gastroenterology, December 2017
DOI 10.1186/s12876-017-0678-6
Pubmed ID
Authors

Jane C. Figueiredo, Christopher Haiman, Jacqueline Porcel, James Buxbaum, Daniel Stram, Neal Tambe, Wendy Cozen, Lynne Wilkens, Loic Le Marchand, Veronica Wendy Setiawan

Abstract

Gallbladder disease (GBD) is a highly prevalent condition; however, little is known about potential differences in risk factors by sex and ethnicity/race. Our aim was to evaluate dietary, reproductive and obesity-related factors and GBD in multiethnic populations. We performed a prospective analysis from the Multiethnic Cohort study who self-identified as non-Hispanic White (n = 32,103), African American (n = 30,209), Japanese (n = 35,987), Native Hawaiian (n = 6942) and Latino (n = 39,168). GBD cases were identified using Medicare and California hospital discharge files (1993-2012) and self-completed questionnaires. We used exposure information on the baseline questionnaire to identify exposures of interest. Associations were estimated by hazard ratios and 95% confidence intervals using Cox models adjusted for confounders. After a median 10.7 years of follow-up, there were 13,437 GBD cases. BMI over 25 kg/m2, diabetes, past and current smoking, red meat consumption, saturated fat and cholesterol were significant risk factors across ethnic/racial populations (p-trends < 0.01). Protective factors included vigorous physical activity, alcohol use, fruits, vegetables and foods rich in dietary fiber (p-trends < 0.01). Carbohydrates were inversely associated with GBD risk only among women and Latinos born in South America/Mexico (p-trend < 0.003). Parity was a significant risk factor among women; post-menopausal hormones use was only associated with an increased risk among White women (estrogen-only: HR = 1.24; 95% CI = 1.07-1.43 and estrogen + progesterone: HR = 1.23; 95% CI = 1.06-1.42). Overall, dietary, reproductive and obesity-related factors are strong risk factors for GBD affecting men and women of different ethnicities/races; however some risk factors appear stronger in women and certain ethnic groups.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profile of 1 tweeter who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 95 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 95 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Master 19 20%
Student > Bachelor 15 16%
Student > Ph. D. Student 8 8%
Researcher 6 6%
Student > Postgraduate 5 5%
Other 15 16%
Unknown 27 28%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Medicine and Dentistry 29 31%
Nursing and Health Professions 12 13%
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology 8 8%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 6 6%
Unspecified 3 3%
Other 7 7%
Unknown 30 32%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 1. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 10 December 2017.
All research outputs
#13,940,129
of 15,807,118 outputs
Outputs from BMC Gastroenterology
#834
of 1,025 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#343,728
of 409,342 outputs
Outputs of similar age from BMC Gastroenterology
#54
of 75 outputs
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