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Healthcare associated infection and its risk factors among patients admitted to a tertiary hospital in Ethiopia: longitudinal study

Overview of attention for article published in Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control, January 2018
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About this Attention Score

  • In the top 25% of all research outputs scored by Altmetric
  • High Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age (80th percentile)
  • Above-average Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age and source (52nd percentile)

Mentioned by

blogs
1 blog
twitter
4 tweeters

Citations

dimensions_citation
42 Dimensions

Readers on

mendeley
189 Mendeley
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Title
Healthcare associated infection and its risk factors among patients admitted to a tertiary hospital in Ethiopia: longitudinal study
Published in
Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control, January 2018
DOI 10.1186/s13756-017-0298-5
Pubmed ID
Authors

Solomon Ali, Melkamu Birhane, Sisay Bekele, Gebre Kibru, Lule Teshager, Yonas Yilma, Yesuf Ahmed, Netsanet Fentahun, Henok Assefa, Mulatu Gashaw, Esayas Kebede Gudina

Abstract

Healthcare associated infection (HAI) is alarmingly increasing in low income settings. In Ethiopia, the burden of HAI is still not well described. Longitudinal study was conducted from May to September, 2016. All wards of Jimma University Medical Centre were included. The incidence, prevalence and risk factors of healthcare associated infection were determined. A total of 1015 admitted patients were followed throughout their hospital stay. Biological specimens were collected from all patients suspected to have hospital aquired infection. The specimens were processed by standard microbiological methods to isolate and identify bacteria etiology. Clinical and laboratory data were collected using structured case report formats. The incidence rate of hospital acquired infection was 28.15 [95% C.I:24.40,32.30] per 1000 patient days while the overall prevalence was 19.41% (95% C.I: (16.97-21.85). The highest incidence of HAI was seen in intensive care unit [207.55 (95% C.I:133.40,309.1) per 1000 patient days] and the lowest incidence was reported from ophthalmology ward [0.98 (95% C.I: 0.05,4.90) per 1000patient days]. Among patients who underwent surgical procedure, the risk of HAI was found to be high in those with history of previous hospitalization (ARR = 1.65, 95% C.I:1.07, 2.54). On the other hand, young adults (18 to 30-year-old) had lower risk of developing HAI (ARR = 0.54 95% C.I: 0.32,0.93) Likewise, among non-surgical care groups, the risk of HAI was found to be high in patients with chest tube (ARR = 4.14, 95% C.I: 2.30,7.46), on mechanical ventilation (ARR = 1.99, 95% C.I: 1.06,3.74) and with underlying disease (ARR = 2.01, 95% C.I: 1.33,3.04). Furthermore, hospital aquired infection at the hosoital was associated with prolonged hospital stay [6.3 more days, 95% C.I: (5.16,7.48), t = 0.000] and increased in hospital mortality (AOR, 2.23, 95% CI:1.15,4.29). This study revealed high burden and poor discharge outcomes of healthcare associated infection at Jimma University Medical Centre. There is a difference in risk factors between patients with and without surgery. Hence, any effort to control the observed high burden of HAI at the hospital should consider these differences for better positive out put.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 4 tweeters who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 189 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 189 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Master 36 19%
Student > Bachelor 26 14%
Lecturer 12 6%
Student > Postgraduate 12 6%
Researcher 11 6%
Other 27 14%
Unknown 65 34%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Medicine and Dentistry 46 24%
Nursing and Health Professions 33 17%
Immunology and Microbiology 12 6%
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology 5 3%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 3 2%
Other 19 10%
Unknown 71 38%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 9. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 25 June 2019.
All research outputs
#2,992,725
of 19,413,723 outputs
Outputs from Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
#420
of 1,106 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#81,725
of 427,132 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
#47
of 97 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 19,413,723 research outputs across all sources so far. Compared to these this one has done well and is in the 84th percentile: it's in the top 25% of all research outputs ever tracked by Altmetric.
So far Altmetric has tracked 1,106 research outputs from this source. They typically receive a lot more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 16.0. This one has gotten more attention than average, scoring higher than 62% of its peers.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 427,132 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one has done well, scoring higher than 80% of its contemporaries.
We're also able to compare this research output to 97 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one has gotten more attention than average, scoring higher than 52% of its contemporaries.