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Built environmental characteristics and diabetes: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Overview of attention for article published in BMC Medicine, January 2018
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About this Attention Score

  • In the top 25% of all research outputs scored by Altmetric
  • High Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age (92nd percentile)

Mentioned by

1 policy source
34 tweeters
1 Facebook page
1 Google+ user


83 Dimensions

Readers on

254 Mendeley
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Built environmental characteristics and diabetes: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Published in
BMC Medicine, January 2018
DOI 10.1186/s12916-017-0997-z
Pubmed ID

N. R. den Braver, J. Lakerveld, F. Rutters, L. J. Schoonmade, J. Brug, J. W. J. Beulens


The built environment influences behaviour, like physical activity, diet and sleep, which affects the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). This study systematically reviewed and meta-analysed evidence on the association between built environmental characteristics related to lifestyle behaviour and T2DM risk/prevalence, worldwide. We systematically searched PubMed, EMBASE.com and Web of Science from their inception to 6 June 2017. Studies were included with adult populations (>18 years), T2DM or glycaemic markers as outcomes, and physical activity and/or food environment and/or residential noise as independent variables. We excluded studies of specific subsamples of the population, that focused on built environmental characteristics that directly affect the cardiovascular system, that performed prediction analyses and that do not report original research. Data appraisal and extraction were based on published reports (PROSPERO-ID: CRD42016035663). From 11,279 studies, 109 were eligible and 40 were meta-analysed. Living in an urban residence was associated with higher T2DM risk/prevalence (n = 19, odds ratio (OR) = 1.40; 95% CI, 1.2-1.6; I2 = 83%) compared to living in a rural residence. Higher neighbourhood walkability was associated with lower T2DM risk/prevalence (n = 8, OR = 0.79; 95% CI, 0.7-0.9; I2 = 92%) and more green space tended to be associated with lower T2DM risk/prevalence (n = 6, OR = 0.90; 95% CI, 0.8-1.0; I2 = 95%). No convincing evidence was found of an association between food environment with T2DM risk/prevalence. An important strength of the study was the comprehensive overview of the literature, but our study was limited by the conclusion of mainly cross-sectional studies. In addition to other positive consequences of walkability and access to green space, these environmental characteristics may also contribute to T2DM prevention. These results may be relevant for infrastructure planning.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 34 tweeters who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 254 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 254 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Ph. D. Student 44 17%
Researcher 36 14%
Student > Master 35 14%
Student > Doctoral Student 25 10%
Student > Bachelor 22 9%
Other 41 16%
Unknown 51 20%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Medicine and Dentistry 46 18%
Social Sciences 32 13%
Nursing and Health Professions 32 13%
Environmental Science 13 5%
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology 8 3%
Other 40 16%
Unknown 83 33%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 26. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 12 October 2021.
All research outputs
of 19,172,905 outputs
Outputs from BMC Medicine
of 2,866 outputs
Outputs of similar age
of 385,372 outputs
Outputs of similar age from BMC Medicine
of 1 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 19,172,905 research outputs across all sources so far. Compared to these this one has done particularly well and is in the 94th percentile: it's in the top 10% of all research outputs ever tracked by Altmetric.
So far Altmetric has tracked 2,866 research outputs from this source. They typically receive a lot more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 39.4. This one has gotten more attention than average, scoring higher than 73% of its peers.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 385,372 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 92% of its contemporaries.
We're also able to compare this research output to 1 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one has scored higher than all of them