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Prevalence and molecular characterization of Staphylococcus aureus from human stool samples

Overview of attention for article published in Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control, March 2018
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About this Attention Score

  • Good Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age (67th percentile)

Mentioned by

twitter
10 tweeters
facebook
1 Facebook page

Citations

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11 Dimensions

Readers on

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33 Mendeley
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Title
Prevalence and molecular characterization of Staphylococcus aureus from human stool samples
Published in
Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control, March 2018
DOI 10.1186/s13756-018-0331-3
Pubmed ID
Authors

A. E. Kates, D. Thapaliya, T. C. Smith, M. L. Chorazy

Abstract

To determine the prevalence of intestinal S. aureus colonization of patients at a large teaching hospital and determine the molecular characteristics of the identified strains. The second objective of this research was to determine risk factors associated with S. aureus intestinal colonization. A cross-sectional study of 781 specimens from inpatients and outpatients at the University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics Clinical Microbiology Laboratory was conducted. S. aureus was identified using traditional culture methodologies. Methicillin-resistance was determined via PCR of the mecA gene. PVL PCR, spa typing, and antimicrobial sensitivity testing were also done. A nested case-control study was done on a subset of patients with all colonized patients defined as cases and non-colonized controls. Medical record abstractions were done to identify risk factors for intestinal colonization in the nested study. Out of 625 patients included in the final study, 58 were positive for S. aureus (9.3%). One isolate was positive for the PVL gene. A high number of isolates were resistant to multiple antibiotics including oxacillin (43.1%), erythromycin (51.7%), and levofloxacin (41.4%). All isolates were susceptible to vancomycin, daptomycin, linezolid, and quinupristin-dalfopristin. In the nested study, having a disease or condition of the gastrointestinal tract significantly increased the odds of intestinal colonization (OR: 1.96, 95% CI: 1.04-3.7; aOR: 13.9, 95% CI: 1.67-115.7). No other variables were significantly associated with increased odds of colonization. S. aureus was identified from the stool of patients at the University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, with a large number of those isolates being resistant to antibiotics and may serve a reservoir for subsequent infections as well as asymptomatic transmission.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 10 tweeters who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 33 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 33 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Bachelor 6 18%
Researcher 4 12%
Other 3 9%
Student > Master 3 9%
Student > Postgraduate 2 6%
Other 5 15%
Unknown 10 30%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology 7 21%
Medicine and Dentistry 4 12%
Immunology and Microbiology 3 9%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 2 6%
Environmental Science 1 3%
Other 3 9%
Unknown 13 39%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 5. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 20 July 2019.
All research outputs
#4,776,140
of 17,921,525 outputs
Outputs from Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
#487
of 1,037 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#92,250
of 289,473 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
#1
of 1 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 17,921,525 research outputs across all sources so far. This one has received more attention than most of these and is in the 73rd percentile.
So far Altmetric has tracked 1,037 research outputs from this source. They typically receive a lot more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 16.5. This one has gotten more attention than average, scoring higher than 52% of its peers.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 289,473 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one has gotten more attention than average, scoring higher than 67% of its contemporaries.
We're also able to compare this research output to 1 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one has scored higher than all of them