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Effects of antibiotic treatment on the fecundity of Rhipicephalus haemaphysaloides ticks

Overview of attention for article published in Parasites & Vectors, April 2018
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Title
Effects of antibiotic treatment on the fecundity of Rhipicephalus haemaphysaloides ticks
Published in
Parasites & Vectors, April 2018
DOI 10.1186/s13071-018-2807-7
Pubmed ID
Authors

Lan-Hua Li, Yi Zhang, Dan Zhu

Abstract

Endosymbiotic bacteria inhabit a variety of arthropods including ticks and may have multiple effects on the host's survival, reproduction or pathogen acquisition and transmission. Rhipicephalus haemaphysaloides is one of the most widely distributed tick species in China. The symbiotic bacteria composition and their impacts to R. haemaphysaloides ticks have not been studied. The present study investigated the composition of microbial community in R. haemaphysaloides ticks and then assessed the effects of endosymbionts on the host's fecundity by antibiotic treatment experiments. The microbial population of female and male R. haemaphysaloides ticks was analyzed using Illumina Miseq sequencing of 16S rRNA gene. Thirty engorged female ticks were then randomly divided into five groups and injected with ampicillin, ciprofloxacin, kanamycin, tetracycline, or phosphate-buffered solution (PBS), respectively. Effects of antibiotic treatments on maternal oviposition, egg hatching and density of endosymbionts were evaluated. Illumina Miseq sequencing showed that Coxiella and Rickettsia were the predominant bacterial genera inhabiting R. haemaphysaloides ticks. Antibiotic treatment experiments found that kanamycin reduced the density of Coxiella-like endosymbiont (Coxiella-LE hereafter) in eggs, ciprofloxacin reduced the density of Rickettsia-like endosymbiont (Rickettsia-LE), and tetracycline had effect on both endosymbionts, while ampicillin affected neither. Meanwhile hatching rates of eggs were observed to decrease greatly in the kanamycin or tetracycline-treated group but maintained in the ampicillin or ciprofloxacin-treated group. Furthermore, the reduced hatching rates were found to be associated with density of Coxiella-LE in eggs. The findings indicate that Coxiella-LE is essential for the reproduction of R. haemaphysaloides ticks, and that kanamycin can be used to study the role of Coxiella-LE on ticks.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 3 tweeters who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 30 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 30 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Researcher 6 20%
Student > Bachelor 4 13%
Student > Ph. D. Student 3 10%
Student > Master 3 10%
Student > Doctoral Student 2 7%
Other 5 17%
Unknown 7 23%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 11 37%
Immunology and Microbiology 3 10%
Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine 2 7%
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology 2 7%
Nursing and Health Professions 1 3%
Other 2 7%
Unknown 9 30%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 1. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 31 January 2019.
All research outputs
#10,799,909
of 14,218,657 outputs
Outputs from Parasites & Vectors
#2,491
of 3,834 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#192,468
of 277,160 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Parasites & Vectors
#1
of 2 outputs
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