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The roles of water, sanitation and hygiene in reducing schistosomiasis: a review

Overview of attention for article published in Parasites & Vectors, March 2015
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About this Attention Score

  • In the top 25% of all research outputs scored by Altmetric
  • High Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age (90th percentile)

Mentioned by

2 policy sources
12 tweeters
2 Facebook pages
1 Google+ user


142 Dimensions

Readers on

492 Mendeley
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The roles of water, sanitation and hygiene in reducing schistosomiasis: a review
Published in
Parasites & Vectors, March 2015
DOI 10.1186/s13071-015-0766-9
Pubmed ID

Jack ET Grimes, David Croll, Wendy E Harrison, Jürg Utzinger, Matthew C Freeman, Michael R Templeton


Schistosomiasis is a disease caused by infection with blood flukes of the genus Schistosoma. Transmission of, and exposure to, the parasite result from faecal or urinary contamination of freshwater containing intermediate host snails, and dermal contact with the same water. The World Health Assembly resolution 65.21 from May 2012 urges member states to eliminate schistosomiasis through preventive chemotherapy (i.e. periodic large-scale administration of the antischistosomal drug praziquantel to school-aged children and other high-risk groups), provision of water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) and snail control. However, control measures focus almost exclusively on preventive chemotherapy, while only few studies made an attempt to determine the impact of upgraded access to safe water, adequate sanitation and good hygiene on schistosome transmission. We recently completed a systematic review and meta-analysis pertaining to WASH and schistosomiasis and found that people with safe water and adequate sanitation have significantly lower odds of a Schistosoma infection. Importantly though, the transmission of schistosomiasis is deeply entrenched in social-ecological systems, and hence is governed by setting-specific cultural and environmental factors that determine human behaviour and snail populations. Here, we provide a comprehensive review of the literature, which explores the transmission routes of schistosomes, particularly focussing on how these might be disrupted with WASH-related technologies and human behaviour. Additionally, future research directions in this area are highlighted.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 12 tweeters who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 492 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Burkina Faso 1 <1%
Brazil 1 <1%
Peru 1 <1%
Belgium 1 <1%
United States 1 <1%
Unknown 487 99%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Master 122 25%
Student > Bachelor 73 15%
Researcher 47 10%
Student > Ph. D. Student 45 9%
Student > Postgraduate 24 5%
Other 80 16%
Unknown 101 21%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Medicine and Dentistry 76 15%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 60 12%
Environmental Science 50 10%
Nursing and Health Professions 38 8%
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology 37 8%
Other 115 23%
Unknown 116 24%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 17. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 01 January 2022.
All research outputs
of 21,446,675 outputs
Outputs from Parasites & Vectors
of 5,217 outputs
Outputs of similar age
of 278,432 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Parasites & Vectors
of 1 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 21,446,675 research outputs across all sources so far. Compared to these this one has done particularly well and is in the 92nd percentile: it's in the top 10% of all research outputs ever tracked by Altmetric.
So far Altmetric has tracked 5,217 research outputs from this source. They typically receive a little more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 5.2. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 94% of its peers.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 278,432 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 90% of its contemporaries.
We're also able to compare this research output to 1 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one has scored higher than all of them