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Risky HIV sexual behaviour and depression among University of Nairobi students

Overview of attention for article published in Annals of General Psychiatry, April 2015
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Title
Risky HIV sexual behaviour and depression among University of Nairobi students
Published in
Annals of General Psychiatry, April 2015
DOI 10.1186/s12991-015-0054-2
Pubmed ID
Authors

Caleb J Othieno, Roselyne Okoth, Karl Peltzer, Supa Pengpid, Lucas O Malla

Abstract

Prevalence rates of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection among the youth are disproportionately high compared to that of other age groups in Kenya. Poor mental health has been linked to risky HIV behaviour, yet few local studies have explored these aspects. This study sought to determine associations between HIV risky sexual behaviour and depression among undergraduate students at the University of Nairobi. A random sample of 923 (525 males and 365 females) undergraduate students was interviewed using a questionnaire to record sociodemographic variables and risky sexual behaviour including having multiple sexual partners, inconsistent condom use and engaging in sex after drinking. Depressive symptoms were measured using the Centre for Epidemiological Studies Short Depression Scale (CES-D 10). The students' mean age was 23 years (s.d.4.0). Overall, 41.33% of the students scored above the cut-off point of 10 on the CES-D 10 scale, with 35.71% having moderate symptoms and 5.62% having severe depressive symptoms. The percentage of those who had ever been diagnosed with sexually transmitted infections (STIs) was 9.71% (males 8.65%; females 11.01%); and for HIV 3.04% (males 2.02%; females 4.05%). Nearly 30% reported having had multiple partners in the previous 12 months, 27.4% of the students did not use condoms with sexual partners and 21% had engaged in sex after drinking within the previous 3 months. In multivariable-bivariate logistic regression, being older, having depressive symptoms, alcohol use/binge drinking, tobacco use, sex after drinking, previous diagnosis of STI, physical abuse, sexual coercion and history of sexual abuse as a child were significantly associated with having multiple partners. Further, younger age, being female, tobacco use and previous diagnosis of STI were significantly associated with inconsistent condom use. The prevalence of HIV rate infection is low compared to the national average but risky sexual behaviour is common among the students and is positively linked to depressive symptoms among other factors. Programmes aimed at HIV prevention should be integrated with mental health interventions.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 182 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Hong Kong 1 <1%
Unknown 181 99%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Master 34 19%
Student > Bachelor 24 13%
Student > Ph. D. Student 24 13%
Researcher 23 13%
Student > Postgraduate 15 8%
Other 32 18%
Unknown 30 16%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Medicine and Dentistry 35 19%
Nursing and Health Professions 31 17%
Social Sciences 28 15%
Psychology 25 14%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 5 3%
Other 17 9%
Unknown 41 23%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 1. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 14 April 2015.
All research outputs
#12,840,682
of 14,535,828 outputs
Outputs from Annals of General Psychiatry
#291
of 362 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#188,721
of 227,047 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Annals of General Psychiatry
#1
of 1 outputs
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So far Altmetric has tracked 362 research outputs from this source. They typically receive a little more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 6.2. This one is in the 1st percentile – i.e., 1% of its peers scored the same or lower than it.
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