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Injury characteristics and outcome of road traffic accident among victims at Adult Emergency Department of Tikur Anbessa specialized hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: a prospective hospital based study

Overview of attention for article published in BMC Emergency Medicine, May 2015
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1 tweeter

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Title
Injury characteristics and outcome of road traffic accident among victims at Adult Emergency Department of Tikur Anbessa specialized hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: a prospective hospital based study
Published in
BMC Emergency Medicine, May 2015
DOI 10.1186/s12873-015-0035-4
Pubmed ID
Authors

Mohammed Seid, Aklilu Azazh, Fikre Enquselassie, Engida Yisma

Abstract

Road traffic injuries are the eighth leading cause of death globally, and the leading cause of death for young people. More than a million people die each year on the world's roads, and the risk of dying as a result of a road traffic injury is highest in Africa. A prospective hospital based study was undertaken to assess injury characteristics and outcome of road traffic accident among victims at Adult Emergency Department of Tikur Anbessa specialized hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. A structured pre-tested questionnaire was used to gather the required data. The collected data were analyzed using SPSS version 20.0. Hierarchical multiple regression analysis was used to identify predictors of fatalities among the road traffic crash victims. A total of 230 road traffic accident victims were studied. The majority of the study subjects were men 165 (71.7 %) and the male/female ratio was 2.6:1. The victims' ages ranged from 14 to 80 years with the mean and standard deviations of 32.15 and ± 14.38 years respectively. Daily laborers (95 (41.3 %)) and students (28 (12.2 %)) were the majority of road traffic accident victims. Head (50.4 %) and musculoskeletal (extremities) (47.0 %) were the most common body region injured. Fractures (78.0 %) and open wounds (56.5 %) were the most common type of injuries sustained. The overall length of hospital stay (LOS) ranged from 1 day to 61 days with mean (± standard deviation) of 7.12 ± 10.5 days and the mortality rate was 7.4 %. Hierarchical multiple regression analysis showed that age of the victims (ß = 0.16, p < 0.05), systolic blood pressure on admission (ß =-0.35, p < 0.001) and Glasgow coma scale (ß =-0.44, p < 0.001) were statistically significant predictors of fatalities among the victims. This study showed diverse injury characteristics and high morbidity and mortality among the victims attending Adult Emergency Department of Tikur Anbessa specialized hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. The findings reflect that road traffic accident is a major public health problem. Urgent road traffic accident preventive measures and prompt treatment of the victims are warranted in order to reduce morbidity and mortality among the victims.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profile of 1 tweeter who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 176 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Portugal 1 <1%
Vietnam 1 <1%
Unknown 174 99%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Master 38 22%
Student > Bachelor 26 15%
Student > Postgraduate 18 10%
Researcher 11 6%
Lecturer 10 6%
Other 37 21%
Unknown 36 20%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Medicine and Dentistry 71 40%
Nursing and Health Professions 34 19%
Social Sciences 8 5%
Engineering 5 3%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 5 3%
Other 13 7%
Unknown 40 23%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 1. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 27 September 2015.
All research outputs
#9,934,702
of 12,410,115 outputs
Outputs from BMC Emergency Medicine
#261
of 312 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#161,135
of 231,709 outputs
Outputs of similar age from BMC Emergency Medicine
#1
of 1 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 12,410,115 research outputs across all sources so far. This one is in the 11th percentile – i.e., 11% of other outputs scored the same or lower than it.
So far Altmetric has tracked 312 research outputs from this source. They receive a mean Attention Score of 4.9. This one is in the 6th percentile – i.e., 6% of its peers scored the same or lower than it.
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