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Expansion of brucellosis detection in the country of Georgia by screening household members of cases and neighboring community members

Overview of attention for article published in BMC Public Health, May 2015
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Title
Expansion of brucellosis detection in the country of Georgia by screening household members of cases and neighboring community members
Published in
BMC Public Health, May 2015
DOI 10.1186/s12889-015-1761-y
Pubmed ID
Authors

Lia Sanodze, Christian T Bautista, Natalia Garuchava, Svetlana Chubinidze, Ekaterine Tsertsvadze, Mariam Broladze, Nazibrola Chitadze, Ketevan Sidamonidze, Shota Tsanava, Tamar Akhvlediani, Robert G Rivard, Rupal Mody, Matthew J Hepburn, Philip H Elzer, Mikeljon P Nikolich, Nino Trapaidze

Abstract

Brucellosis is considered as endemic zoonotic disease in the country of Georgia. However, the burden of the disease on a household level is not known. Therefore, this study sought to determine the benefits of active surveillance coupled to serological screening for the early detection of brucellosis among close contacts of brucellosis cases. We used an active surveillance approach to estimate the rate of seropositivity among household family members and neighboring community members of brucellosis index cases. All participants were screened using the serum tube agglutination test (SAT). Blood cultures were performed, obtained isolates were identified by a bacteriological algorithm, and confirmed as Brucella spp. using real-time PCR. Further confirmation of Brucella species was done using the AMOS PCR assay. A total of 141 participants enrolled. Of these, 27 were brucellosis index cases, 86 were household family members, and 28 were neighboring community members. The serological evidence of brucellosis in the household member group was 7% and the rate at the household level was 21%. No screened community members were Brucella seropositive. Majority of brucellosis cases were caused by B. melitensis; only one index case was linked to B. abortus. We found evidence of brucellosis infection among household family members of brucellosis index cases. B. melitensis was the most common species obtained. Findings of this active surveillance study highlight the importance of screening household family members of brucellosis cases and of the use of culture methods to identify Brucella species in the country of Georgia.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profile of 1 tweeter who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 25 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Indonesia 1 4%
United Kingdom 1 4%
Unknown 23 92%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Researcher 8 32%
Other 3 12%
Student > Ph. D. Student 3 12%
Student > Postgraduate 2 8%
Professor > Associate Professor 2 8%
Other 5 20%
Unknown 2 8%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 9 36%
Medicine and Dentistry 6 24%
Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine 2 8%
Nursing and Health Professions 2 8%
Earth and Planetary Sciences 1 4%
Other 2 8%
Unknown 3 12%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 1. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 13 June 2015.
All research outputs
#4,348,279
of 5,223,626 outputs
Outputs from BMC Public Health
#5,276
of 5,633 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#144,129
of 176,802 outputs
Outputs of similar age from BMC Public Health
#217
of 229 outputs
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