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Patterns of adiposity, vascular phenotypes and cognitive function in the 1946 British Birth Cohort

Overview of attention for article published in BMC Medicine, May 2018
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About this Attention Score

  • Above-average Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age (51st percentile)

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4 tweeters


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76 Mendeley
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Patterns of adiposity, vascular phenotypes and cognitive function in the 1946 British Birth Cohort
Published in
BMC Medicine, May 2018
DOI 10.1186/s12916-018-1059-x
Pubmed ID

Stefano Masi, Georgios Georgiopoulos, Tauseef Khan, William Johnson, Andrew Wong, Marietta Charakida, Peter Whincup, Alun D. Hughes, Marcus Richards, Rebecca Hardy, John Deanfield


The relationship between long-term exposure to whole body or central obesity and cognitive function, as well as its potential determinants, remain controversial. In this study, we assessed (1) the potential impact of 30 years exposure to different patterns of whole body and central adiposity on cognitive function at 60-64 years, (2) whether trajectories of central adiposity can provide additional information on later cognitive function compared to trajectories of whole body adiposity, and (3) the influence of vascular phenotypes on these associations. The study included 1249 participants from the prospective cohort MRC National Survey of Health and Development. Body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), and vascular (carotid intima-media thickness, carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity) and cognitive function (memory, processing speed, reaction time) data, at 60-64 years, were used to assess the associations between different patterns of adult WC or BMI (from 36 years of age) and late midlife cognitive performance, as well as the proportion of this association explained by cardiovascular phenotypes. Longer exposure to elevated WC was related to lower memory performance (p < 0.001 for both) and longer choice reaction time (p = 0.003). A faster gain of WC between 36 and 43 years of age was associated with the largest change in reaction time and memory test (P < 0.05 for all). Similar associations were observed when patterns of WC were substituted with patterns of BMI, but when WC and BMI were included in the same model, only patterns of WC remained significantly associated with cognitive function. Participants who dropped one BMI category and maintained a lower BMI had similar memory performance to those of normal weight during the whole follow-up. Conversely, those who dropped and subsequently regained one BMI category had a memory function similar to those with 30 years exposure to elevated BMI. Adjustment for vascular phenotypes, levels of cardiovascular risk factors, physical activity, education, childhood cognition and socioeconomic position did not affect these associations. Longer exposure to elevated WC or BMI and faster WC or BMI gains between 36 and 43 years are related to lower cognitive function at 60-64 years. Patterns of WC in adulthood could provide additional information in predicting late midlife cognitive function than patterns of BMI. The acquisition of an adverse cardiovascular phenotype associated with adiposity is unlikely to account for these relationships.

Twitter Demographics

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Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 76 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 76 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Master 11 14%
Researcher 11 14%
Student > Ph. D. Student 10 13%
Student > Doctoral Student 7 9%
Student > Bachelor 7 9%
Other 7 9%
Unknown 23 30%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Medicine and Dentistry 11 14%
Nursing and Health Professions 11 14%
Sports and Recreations 8 11%
Psychology 5 7%
Neuroscience 3 4%
Other 9 12%
Unknown 29 38%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 3. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 12 June 2018.
All research outputs
of 17,961,401 outputs
Outputs from BMC Medicine
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Outputs of similar age
of 290,089 outputs
Outputs of similar age from BMC Medicine
of 1 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 17,961,401 research outputs across all sources so far. This one is in the 43rd percentile – i.e., 43% of other outputs scored the same or lower than it.
So far Altmetric has tracked 2,754 research outputs from this source. They typically receive a lot more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 39.3. This one is in the 15th percentile – i.e., 15% of its peers scored the same or lower than it.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 290,089 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one has gotten more attention than average, scoring higher than 51% of its contemporaries.
We're also able to compare this research output to 1 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one has scored higher than all of them