Is there an association between vitamin D deficiency and adenotonsillar hypertrophy in children with sleep-disordered breathing?
BMC Pediatrics, June 2018
Ji-Hyeon Shin, Byung-Guk Kim, Boo Young Kim, Soo Whan Kim, Sung Won Kim, Hojong Kim
Low vitamin D levels have been linked to the risk of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) in children. Although adenotonsillar hypertrophy (ATH) is the major contributor to childhood SDB, the relationship between ATH and serum vitamin D is uncertain. We therefore investigated the relationship between vitamin D levels and associated factors in children with ATH. We reviewed data from all children with SDB symptoms who were treated from December 2013 to February 2014. Of these, 88 children whose serum vitamin D levels were measured were enrolled in the study. We divided the children into four groups based on adenoidal and/or tonsillar hypertrophy. We conducted a retrospective chart review to analyze demographic data, the sizes of tonsils and adenoids, serum 25-hydroxy-vitamin D [25(OH)D] level, body mass index (BMI), and allergen sensitization patterns. Children in the ATH group had a lower mean 25(OH)D level than did those in the control group (p < 0.05). Children with vitamin D deficiencies exhibited markedly higher frequencies of adenoidal and/or tonsillar hypertrophy than did those with sufficient vitamin D (p < 0.05). Spearman's correlation analysis identified an inverse correlation between serum 25(OH)D levels and age, tonsil and adenoid size, and height (all p < 0.05). In a multiple regression analysis, tonsil and adenoid size as well as BMI-z score, were associated with 25(OH)D levels after controlling for age, sex, height, and mite sensitization (p < 0.05). Our results suggest that low vitamin D levels are linked to ATH. Both the sizes of the adenoids and tonsils and the BMI-z score were associated with the 25(OH)D level. Therefore, measurement of the serum 25(OH)D level should be considered in children with ATH and SDB symptoms.
|Readers by professional status||Count||As %|
|Student > Bachelor||6||13%|
|Student > Ph. D. Student||5||11%|
|Student > Doctoral Student||3||6%|
|Readers by discipline||Count||As %|
|Medicine and Dentistry||22||47%|
|Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology||2||4%|
|Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science||1||2%|