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Risk factors of acute and overuse musculoskeletal injuries among young conscripts: a population-based cohort study

Overview of attention for article published in BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, May 2015
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Title
Risk factors of acute and overuse musculoskeletal injuries among young conscripts: a population-based cohort study
Published in
BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, May 2015
DOI 10.1186/s12891-015-0557-7
Pubmed ID
Authors

Henri Taanila, Jaana H Suni, Pekka Kannus, Harri Pihlajamäki, Juha-Petri Ruohola, Jarmo Viskari, Jari Parkkari

Abstract

Military service in Finland is compulsory for all male citizens and annually about 80% of 19-year-old men enter into the service. The elevated risk for many chronic diseases and loss of function among those who are inactive and unfit can be often detected already in youth. On the other hand, activity-induced injuries among young are true public health issue. The purpose of the present prospective cohort follow-up study was to evaluate predictive associations between acute or overuse injuries and their various intrinsic risk factors. Four successive cohorts of conscripts who formed a representative sample of Finnish young men were followed for 6 months. At the beginning of the service, the risk factors of injuries were measured and recorded and then the acute and overuse injuries treated at the garrison clinic were identified. Predictive associations between injuries and their risk factors were examined by multivariate Cox's proportional hazard models. Of the 1411 participants, 27% sustained an acute injury and 51% suffered from overuse injury. Concerning acute injuries, highest risk for severe injuries were detected among conscripts with low fitness level in both the standing long-jump and push-up tests (hazard rate, HR=5.9; 95% CI: 1.6‒21.3). A history of good degree in school sports was not a protective factor against acute injuries. High waist circumference and, on the other hand, being underweight according to BMI increased the HR for overuse injuries. Brisk leisure time physical activity before military entry was a protective factor against overuse injuries. Poor result in Cooper's test was a warning signal of elevated risk of overuse injuries. We confirmed previous findings that low level of physical fitness is predictor for musculoskeletal injuries during intensive physical training. The U-shaped relationship between body composition and overuse injuries was noticed indicating that both obesity and underweight are risk factors for overuse injuries. Persons with excellent sports skills according to their earlier degrees in school sports had similar HR for acute injuries than those with poorer degrees. This indicates that school-age sports skills and fitness do not carry far and therefore preventive programmes are needed to prevent activity-induced injuries.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profile of 1 tweeter who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 165 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
United Kingdom 1 <1%
Spain 1 <1%
Netherlands 1 <1%
Unknown 162 98%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Master 32 19%
Student > Ph. D. Student 19 12%
Other 15 9%
Researcher 12 7%
Student > Bachelor 12 7%
Other 27 16%
Unknown 48 29%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Sports and Recreations 30 18%
Medicine and Dentistry 30 18%
Nursing and Health Professions 15 9%
Psychology 7 4%
Social Sciences 7 4%
Other 20 12%
Unknown 56 34%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 1. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 13 August 2015.
All research outputs
#13,302,688
of 16,737,500 outputs
Outputs from BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
#2,493
of 3,200 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#165,266
of 238,580 outputs
Outputs of similar age from BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
#1
of 1 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 16,737,500 research outputs across all sources so far. This one is in the 11th percentile – i.e., 11% of other outputs scored the same or lower than it.
So far Altmetric has tracked 3,200 research outputs from this source. They typically receive a little more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 6.6. This one is in the 9th percentile – i.e., 9% of its peers scored the same or lower than it.
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