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Hydrated nucleus pulposus extrusion in dogs: correlation of magnetic resonance imaging and microsurgical findings

Overview of attention for article published in Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica, September 2015
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Title
Hydrated nucleus pulposus extrusion in dogs: correlation of magnetic resonance imaging and microsurgical findings
Published in
Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica, September 2015
DOI 10.1186/s13028-015-0151-x
Pubmed ID
Authors

Mario Dolera, Luca Malfassi, Silvia Marcarini, Giovanni Mazza, Massimo Sala, Nancy Carrara, Roberto Vailati Facchini, Sara Finesso

Abstract

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) patterns of canine cervical hydrated nucleus pulposus extrusion (HNPE) have been described by a few reports, but the correlation between microsurgical and MRI features has never been investigated. The aim of this study was to compare the MRI features of HNPE with microsurgical findings and cytological outcomes and also to investigate the anatomical and pathophysiological aspects of the disease. A prospective clinical study was conducted in 36 dogs suffering from HNPE. The diagnosis was based on high-field MRI findings of ventral extradural lesions, adjacent to the dorsal aspect of intervertebral discs, characterised by high signal intensity in T2-weighted sequences and hypointensity in T1-weighted sequences. MRI images were analysed with regard to the intervertebral space involved, the grading of spinal cord compression, the signal intensity and distribution of the material, and the thickness and signal intensity of the involved discs. All patients underwent microsurgical decompression and direct observations were recorded and films of the surgical procedure analysed. The majority of patients had acute onset of clinical signs (78 %), the patient did not exhibit signs of pain in 75 % of dogs and neurological deficits varied from slight tetraparesis (33 %) to tetraplegia (28 %). The localization of the extruded disc material was ventral relative to the dorsal longitudinal ligament that was lifted dorsally and appeared intact at the site of compression. Direct microsurgical observations of the HNPE sites showed that extruded disc material was collected within the fibres of the dorsal longitudinal ligament. The consistency was gelatinous in 42 %, water-like in 33 %, and lumpy liquid in 25 % of cases. Cytological samples did not detect the presence of inflammation, bacteria, fungi, neoplastic cells or foreign material. Microsurgical features of HNPE suggest that the extruded disc is collected within the fibres of the dorsal longitudinal ligament and this may explain the typical MRI appearance of this disease. Further pathophysiological studies are needed to investigate why the cervical nucleus pulposus extrusion appears to occur without obvious trauma.

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Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 73 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 73 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Other 14 19%
Student > Master 9 12%
Student > Postgraduate 9 12%
Student > Doctoral Student 7 10%
Researcher 6 8%
Other 12 16%
Unknown 16 22%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine 38 52%
Medicine and Dentistry 15 21%
Business, Management and Accounting 1 1%
Psychology 1 1%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 1 1%
Other 0 0%
Unknown 17 23%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 1. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 01 September 2021.
All research outputs
#12,382,310
of 18,838,632 outputs
Outputs from Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
#337
of 682 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#146,839
of 262,250 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
#1
of 1 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 18,838,632 research outputs across all sources so far. This one is in the 23rd percentile – i.e., 23% of other outputs scored the same or lower than it.
So far Altmetric has tracked 682 research outputs from this source. They receive a mean Attention Score of 2.9. This one is in the 42nd percentile – i.e., 42% of its peers scored the same or lower than it.
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