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Is chronic malnutrition associated with an increase in malaria incidence? A cohort study in children aged under 5 years in rural Gambia

Overview of attention for article published in Parasites & Vectors, August 2018
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3 tweeters

Citations

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6 Dimensions

Readers on

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79 Mendeley
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Title
Is chronic malnutrition associated with an increase in malaria incidence? A cohort study in children aged under 5 years in rural Gambia
Published in
Parasites & Vectors, August 2018
DOI 10.1186/s13071-018-3026-y
Pubmed ID
Authors

Anne L. Wilson, John Bradley, Ballah Kandeh, Kolawole Salami, Umberto D’Alessandro, Margaret Pinder, Steven W. Lindsay

Abstract

Malnutrition is common in children in sub-Saharan Africa and is thought to increase the risk of infectious diseases, including malaria. The relationship between malnutrition and malaria was examined in a cohort of 6-59 month-old children in rural Gambia, in an area of seasonal malaria transmission. The study used data from a clinical trial in which a cohort of children was established and followed for clinical malaria during the 2011 transmission season. A cross-sectional survey to determine the prevalence of malaria and anaemia, and measure the height and weight of these children was carried out at the beginning and end of the transmission season. Standard anthropometric indices (stunting, wasting and underweight) were calculated using z-scores. At the beginning of the transmission season, 31.7% of children were stunted, 10.8% wasted and 24.8% underweight. Stunting was more common in Fula children than other ethnicities and in children from traditionally constructed houses compared to more modern houses. Stunted children and underweight children were significantly more likely to have mild or moderate anaemia. During the transmission season, 13.7% of children had at least one episode of clinical malaria. There was no association between stunting and malaria incidence (odds ratio = 0.79, 95% CI: 0.60-1.05). Malaria was not associated with differences in weight or height gain. Chronic malnutrition remains a problem in rural Gambia, particularly among the poor and Fula ethnic group, but it was not associated with an increased risk of malaria. Trial registration: ISRCTN, ISRCTN01738840 , registered: 27/08/2010 (Retrospectively registered).

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 3 tweeters who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 79 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 79 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Bachelor 13 16%
Student > Master 11 14%
Student > Ph. D. Student 9 11%
Researcher 8 10%
Lecturer 4 5%
Other 12 15%
Unknown 22 28%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Medicine and Dentistry 14 18%
Nursing and Health Professions 13 16%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 8 10%
Social Sciences 7 9%
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology 5 6%
Other 7 9%
Unknown 25 32%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 2. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 08 August 2018.
All research outputs
#7,513,336
of 13,343,384 outputs
Outputs from Parasites & Vectors
#1,504
of 3,546 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#131,835
of 267,833 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Parasites & Vectors
#1
of 1 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 13,343,384 research outputs across all sources so far. This one is in the 42nd percentile – i.e., 42% of other outputs scored the same or lower than it.
So far Altmetric has tracked 3,546 research outputs from this source. They receive a mean Attention Score of 4.5. This one has gotten more attention than average, scoring higher than 54% of its peers.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 267,833 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one is in the 48th percentile – i.e., 48% of its contemporaries scored the same or lower than it.
We're also able to compare this research output to 1 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one has scored higher than all of them