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Diverse tick-borne microorganisms identified in free-living ungulates in Slovakia

Overview of attention for article published in Parasites & Vectors, September 2018
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  • Good Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age (67th percentile)

Mentioned by

1 policy source
5 tweeters


39 Dimensions

Readers on

60 Mendeley
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Diverse tick-borne microorganisms identified in free-living ungulates in Slovakia
Published in
Parasites & Vectors, September 2018
DOI 10.1186/s13071-018-3068-1
Pubmed ID

Mária Kazimírová, Zuzana Hamšíková, Eva Špitalská, Lenka Minichová, Lenka Mahríková, Radoslav Caban, Hein Sprong, Manoj Fonville, Leonhard Schnittger, Elena Kocianová


Free-living ungulates are hosts of ixodid ticks and reservoirs of tick-borne microorganisms in central Europe and many regions around the world. Tissue samples and engorged ticks were obtained from roe deer, red deer, fallow deer, mouflon, and wild boar hunted in deciduous forests of south-western Slovakia. DNA isolated from these samples was screened for the presence of tick-borne microorganisms by PCR-based methods. Ticks were found to infest all examined ungulate species. The principal infesting tick was Ixodes ricinus, identified on 90.4% of wildlife, and included all developmental stages. Larvae and nymphs of Haemaphysalis concinna were feeding on 9.6% of wildlife. Two specimens of Dermacentor reticulatus were also identified. Ungulates were positive for A. phagocytophilum and Theileria spp. Anaplasma phagocytophilum was found to infect 96.1% of cervids, 88.9% of mouflon, and 28.2% of wild boar, whereas Theileria spp. was detected only in cervids (94.6%). Importantly, a high rate of cervids (89%) showed mixed infections with both these microorganisms. In addition to A. phagocytophilum and Theileria spp., Rickettsia helvetica, R. monacensis, unidentified Rickettsia sp., Coxiella burnetii, "Candidatus Neoehrlichia mikurensis", Borrelia burgdorferi (s.l.) and Babesia venatorum were identified in engorged I. ricinus. Furthermore, A. phagocytophilum, Babesia spp. and Theileria spp. were detected in engorged H. concinna. Analysis of 16S rRNA and groEL gene sequences revealed the presence of five and two A. phagocytophilum variants, respectively, among which sequences identified in wild boar showed identity to the sequence of the causative agent of human granulocytic anaplasmosis (HGA). Phylogenetic analysis of Theileria 18S rRNA gene sequences amplified from cervids and engorged I. ricinus ticks segregated jointly with sequences of T. capreoli isolates into a moderately supported monophyletic clade. The findings indicate that free-living ungulates are reservoirs for A. phagocytophilum and Theileria spp. and engorged ixodid ticks attached to ungulates are good sentinels for the presence of agents of public and veterinary concern. Further analyses of the A. phagocytophilum genetic variants and Theileria species and their associations with vector ticks and free-living ungulates are required.

Twitter Demographics

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Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 60 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 60 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Researcher 12 20%
Student > Master 11 18%
Student > Bachelor 7 12%
Student > Ph. D. Student 6 10%
Student > Doctoral Student 4 7%
Other 9 15%
Unknown 11 18%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 15 25%
Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine 12 20%
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology 7 12%
Immunology and Microbiology 5 8%
Medicine and Dentistry 3 5%
Other 6 10%
Unknown 12 20%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 5. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 28 November 2019.
All research outputs
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Outputs from Parasites & Vectors
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Outputs of similar age
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Outputs of similar age from Parasites & Vectors
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Altmetric has tracked 16,292,621 research outputs across all sources so far. This one has received more attention than most of these and is in the 73rd percentile.
So far Altmetric has tracked 4,363 research outputs from this source. They receive a mean Attention Score of 4.8. This one has done well, scoring higher than 78% of its peers.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 277,429 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one has gotten more attention than average, scoring higher than 67% of its contemporaries.
We're also able to compare this research output to 1 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one has scored higher than all of them