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Increased risk of tuberculosis among foreign-born persons with diabetes in California, 2010–2012

Overview of attention for article published in BMC Public Health, March 2015
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Title
Increased risk of tuberculosis among foreign-born persons with diabetes in California, 2010–2012
Published in
BMC Public Health, March 2015
DOI 10.1186/s12889-015-1600-1
Pubmed ID
Authors

Sarah Ellen Demlow, Peter Oh, Pennan M Barry

Abstract

Diabetes increases the risk of tuberculosis. We sought to identify populations of persons with diabetes in California at further increased risk for tuberculosis to target tuberculosis infection screening and treatment efforts. We performed a retrospective population-based analysis of adult (aged ≥18 years) tuberculosis cases reported in California during 2010-2012. Tuberculosis cases with and without diabetes were grouped into regions of birth and stratified by age category. Population estimates were calculated using 2011-2012 California Health Interview Survey data. We calculated tuberculosis disease rate and relative risk of tuberculosis among persons with diabetes stratified by birth location and age group; and the number needed to screen and, if positive, treat for tuberculosis infection to prevent one case of active tuberculosis over 5 years (NNS). During 2010-2012, among 6,050 adults with active tuberculosis in California, 82% were foreign-born and 24% had diabetes. The overall relative risk for tuberculosis among persons with diabetes was 3.5 (95% confidence interval, 3.3-3.7) with a rate of 21 per 100,000 persons with diabetes. The rate among foreign-born persons with diabetes (141.5/100,000) was almost 12 times greater than among nonforeign-born persons with diabetes (12.0/100,000). The NNS was 7,930 among all adults, 2,740 among adults with diabetes, 1,526 among all foreign-born adults, and 596 among foreign-born adults with diabetes. In California, foreign-born persons with diabetes had significantly elevated rates of active tuberculosis. Focusing tuberculosis infection screening and treatment efforts on foreign-born persons with diabetes may be a feasible and efficient way to make progress toward tuberculosis elimination in California.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profile of 1 tweeter who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 55 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
India 2 4%
Rwanda 1 2%
Indonesia 1 2%
Unknown 51 93%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Master 15 27%
Researcher 13 24%
Student > Bachelor 5 9%
Student > Doctoral Student 3 5%
Student > Postgraduate 3 5%
Other 6 11%
Unknown 10 18%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Medicine and Dentistry 25 45%
Nursing and Health Professions 6 11%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 3 5%
Social Sciences 3 5%
Economics, Econometrics and Finance 2 4%
Other 5 9%
Unknown 11 20%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 1. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 18 November 2015.
All research outputs
#5,615,410
of 6,581,713 outputs
Outputs from BMC Public Health
#5,785
of 6,193 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#196,349
of 248,220 outputs
Outputs of similar age from BMC Public Health
#207
of 231 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 6,581,713 research outputs across all sources so far. This one is in the 1st percentile – i.e., 1% of other outputs scored the same or lower than it.
So far Altmetric has tracked 6,193 research outputs from this source. They typically receive more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 7.9. This one is in the 1st percentile – i.e., 1% of its peers scored the same or lower than it.
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We're also able to compare this research output to 231 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one is in the 1st percentile – i.e., 1% of its contemporaries scored the same or lower than it.