↓ Skip to main content

Urban/Rural disparities in Oregon pediatric traumatic brain injury

Overview of attention for article published in Injury Epidemiology, December 2015
Altmetric Badge

About this Attention Score

  • Above-average Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age (58th percentile)

Mentioned by

3 tweeters


13 Dimensions

Readers on

37 Mendeley
You are seeing a free-to-access but limited selection of the activity Altmetric has collected about this research output. Click here to find out more.
Urban/Rural disparities in Oregon pediatric traumatic brain injury
Published in
Injury Epidemiology, December 2015
DOI 10.1186/s40621-015-0063-2
Pubmed ID

Megan J. Leonhard, Dagan A. Wright, Rongwei Fu, David P. Lehrfeld, Kathleen F. Carlson


Traumatic brain injury (TBI) greatly contributes to morbidity and mortality in the pediatric population. We examined potential urban/rural disparities in mortality amongst Oregon pediatric patients with TBI treated in trauma hospitals. We conducted a retrospective study of children ages 0-19 using the Oregon Trauma Registry for years 2009-2012. Geographic location of injury was classified using the National Center for Health Statistics Urban/Rural Classification Scheme. Incidence rates were calculated using Census data for denominators. Associations between urban/rural injury location and mortality were assessed using multivariable logistic regression, controlling for potential confounders. Generalized estimating equations were used to help account for clustering of data within hospitals. Of 2794 pediatric patients with TBI, 46.6 % were injured in large metropolitan locations, 24.8 % in medium/small metropolitan locations, and 28.6 % in non-metropolitan (rural) locations. Children with rural locations of injury had a greater annualized TBI incidence rate, at 107/100,000 children per year, than those from large metropolitan areas (71/100,000 per year). Compared to children injured in urban locations, those in rural locations had more than twice the crude odds of mortality (odds ratio [OR], 2.5; 95 % CI, 1.6-4.0). This association remained significant (OR, 1.8; 95 % CI, 1.04-3.3) while adjusting for age, gender, race, insurance status, injury severity, and type of TBI (blunt vs. penetrating). We observed higher rates of TBI and greater proportions of severe injury in rural compared to urban areas in Oregon. Rural children treated in the trauma system for TBI were more likely to die than urban children after controlling for demographic and injury factors associated with urban/rural residence. Further research is needed to examine treatment disparities by urban/rural location. Future work should also identify interventions that can reduce risk of TBI and TBI-related mortality among children, particularly those who live in rural areas.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 3 tweeters who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 37 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Mexico 1 3%
United States 1 3%
Unknown 35 95%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Researcher 9 24%
Student > Ph. D. Student 5 14%
Student > Postgraduate 5 14%
Student > Master 4 11%
Student > Doctoral Student 3 8%
Other 6 16%
Unknown 5 14%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Medicine and Dentistry 20 54%
Nursing and Health Professions 3 8%
Engineering 2 5%
Social Sciences 2 5%
Economics, Econometrics and Finance 1 3%
Other 2 5%
Unknown 7 19%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 2. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 13 December 2015.
All research outputs
of 6,743,544 outputs
Outputs from Injury Epidemiology
of 52 outputs
Outputs of similar age
of 285,528 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Injury Epidemiology
of 9 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 6,743,544 research outputs across all sources so far. This one has received more attention than most of these and is in the 58th percentile.
So far Altmetric has tracked 52 research outputs from this source. They typically receive a lot more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 11.0. This one is in the 36th percentile – i.e., 36% of its peers scored the same or lower than it.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 285,528 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one has gotten more attention than average, scoring higher than 58% of its contemporaries.
We're also able to compare this research output to 9 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one has scored higher than 2 of them.