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Prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility profiles of Staphylococcus aureus nasal carriage among pre-clinical and clinical medical students in a Tanzanian University

Overview of attention for article published in BMC Research Notes, January 2016
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Title
Prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility profiles of Staphylococcus aureus nasal carriage among pre-clinical and clinical medical students in a Tanzanian University
Published in
BMC Research Notes, January 2016
DOI 10.1186/s13104-016-1858-0
Pubmed ID
Authors

Benard Okamo, Nyambura Moremi, Jeremiah Seni, Mariam M. Mirambo, Benson R. Kidenya, Stephen E. Mshana

Abstract

Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) nasal carriage is a potential niche for spread and a risk factor for subsequent infections. Despite the fact that medical students are exposed to patients in the hospital during their training, information on S. aureus and MRSA nasal carriage among medical students in Tanzania remains to be dearth so as to guide appropriate infection control and preventive measures. A cross-sectional study involving 314 medical students, pre-clinical (n = 166) and clinical (n = 148), at Catholic University of Health and Allied Sciences (CUHAS) was conducted from February to June 2013. Nasal swabs from eligible students were taken and processed using standard operating procedures so as to identify S. aureus, MRSA and their respective antimicrobial susceptibility patterns. The median age (interquartile range) of the study participants was 24 (22-27) years with approximately 69.4 % being males. S. aureus accounted for 21.0 % (66/314) of which 1.5 % (1/66) was MRSA; giving an overall MRSA nasal carriage prevalence of 0.3 % (1/314). Staphylococcus aureus carriage among pre-clinical and clinical students were 19.9 % (33/166) and 22.3 % (33/148) respectively. MRSA carriage was found in one preclinical student with history of working in hospital for years prior to join CUHAS. Staphylococcus aureus carriage was significantly more in older median age group among clinical students compared to preclinical students (p < 0.001). Majority of the isolates were resistant to Ampicillin (87.9 %, 58/66) while all were sensitive to Ciprofloxacin and Vancomycin. There is high prevalence of S. aureus carriage among medical students at CUHAS. Fortunately, MRSA was found in only one student. In the light of these findings, focused MRSA surveillance to other potential sources like health care workers, patients and environment should be carried out in this setting.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profile of 1 tweeter who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 111 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 111 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Bachelor 19 17%
Student > Master 14 13%
Researcher 9 8%
Student > Ph. D. Student 9 8%
Student > Postgraduate 5 5%
Other 21 19%
Unknown 34 31%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Medicine and Dentistry 25 23%
Immunology and Microbiology 14 13%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 9 8%
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology 6 5%
Nursing and Health Professions 3 3%
Other 15 14%
Unknown 39 35%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 1. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 10 February 2016.
All research outputs
#12,487,546
of 14,123,042 outputs
Outputs from BMC Research Notes
#2,648
of 3,231 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#280,605
of 340,095 outputs
Outputs of similar age from BMC Research Notes
#1
of 2 outputs
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