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Lone parents, health, wellbeing and welfare to work: a systematic review of qualitative studies

Overview of attention for article published in BMC Public Health, February 2016
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  • Good Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age (65th percentile)

Mentioned by

1 policy source
1 tweeter


32 Dimensions

Readers on

156 Mendeley
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Lone parents, health, wellbeing and welfare to work: a systematic review of qualitative studies
Published in
BMC Public Health, February 2016
DOI 10.1186/s12889-016-2880-9
Pubmed ID

Mhairi Campbell, Hilary Thomson, Candida Fenton, Marcia Gibson


Lone parents and their children experience higher than average levels of adverse health and social outcomes, much of which are explained by high rates of poverty. Many high income countries have attempted to address high poverty rates by introducing employment requirements for lone parents in receipt of welfare benefits. However, there is evidence that employment may not reduce poverty or improve the health of lone parents and their children. We conducted a systematic review of qualitative studies reporting lone parents' accounts of participation in welfare to work (WtW), to identify explanations and possible mechanisms for the impacts of WtW on health and wellbeing. Twenty one bibliographic databases were searched. Two reviewers independently screened references and assessed study quality. Studies from any high income country that met the criteria of focussing on lone parents, mandatory WtW interventions, and health or wellbeing were included. Thematic synthesis was used to investigate analytic themes between studies. Screening of the 4703 identified papers and quality assessment resulted in the inclusion of 16 qualitative studies of WtW in five high income countries, USA, Canada, UK, Australia, and New Zealand, covering a variety of welfare regimes. Our synthesis found that WtW requirements often conflicted with child care responsibilities. Available employment was often poorly paid and precarious. Adverse health impacts, such as increased stress, fatigue, and depression were commonly reported, though employment and appropriate training was linked to increased self-worth for some. WtW appeared to influence health through the pathways of conflict and control, analytical themes which emerged during synthesis. WtW reduced control over the nature of employment and care of children. Access to social support allowed some lone parents to manage the conflict associated with employment, and to increase control over their circumstances, with potentially beneficial health impacts. WtW can result in increased conflict and reduced control, which may lead to negative impacts on mental health. Availability of social support may mediate the negative health impacts of WtW.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profile of 1 tweeter who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 156 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 156 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Master 32 21%
Researcher 25 16%
Student > Ph. D. Student 24 15%
Student > Bachelor 21 13%
Librarian 4 3%
Other 14 9%
Unknown 36 23%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Social Sciences 47 30%
Nursing and Health Professions 18 12%
Medicine and Dentistry 16 10%
Psychology 15 10%
Economics, Econometrics and Finance 7 4%
Other 17 11%
Unknown 36 23%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 4. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 01 January 2020.
All research outputs
of 21,460,400 outputs
Outputs from BMC Public Health
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Outputs of similar age
of 279,235 outputs
Outputs of similar age from BMC Public Health
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Altmetric has tracked 21,460,400 research outputs across all sources so far. This one has received more attention than most of these and is in the 67th percentile.
So far Altmetric has tracked 13,936 research outputs from this source. They typically receive a lot more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 13.7. This one is in the 47th percentile – i.e., 47% of its peers scored the same or lower than it.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 279,235 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one has gotten more attention than average, scoring higher than 65% of its contemporaries.
We're also able to compare this research output to 1 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one has scored higher than all of them