Ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease: is Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis the common villain?
Gut Pathogens, January 2010
Ellen S Pierce
Mycobacterium avium, subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP) causes a chronic disease of the intestines in dairy cows and a wide range of other animals, including nonhuman primates, called Johne's ("Yo-knee's") disease. MAP has been consistently identified by a variety of techniques in humans with Crohn's disease. The research investigating the presence of MAP in patients with Crohn's disease has often identified MAP in the "negative" ulcerative colitis controls as well, suggesting that ulcerative colitis is also caused by MAP. Like other infectious diseases, dose, route of infection, age, sex and genes influence whether an individual infected with MAP develops ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease. The apparently opposite role of smoking, increasing the risk of Crohn's disease while decreasing the risk of ulcerative colitis, is explained by a more careful review of the literature that reveals smoking causes an increase in both diseases but switches the phenotype from ulcerative colitis to Crohn's disease. MAP as the sole etiologic agent of both ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease explains their common epidemiology, geographic distribution and familial and sporadic clusters, providing a unified hypothesis for the prevention and cure of the no longer "idiopathic" inflammatory bowel diseases.
|Members of the public||11||79%|
|Readers by professional status||Count||As %|
|Student > Ph. D. Student||17||18%|
|Student > Master||12||13%|
|Student > Bachelor||9||9%|
|Student > Doctoral Student||7||7%|
|Readers by discipline||Count||As %|
|Agricultural and Biological Sciences||26||27%|
|Medicine and Dentistry||21||22%|
|Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine||7||7%|
|Nursing and Health Professions||4||4%|
|Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology||4||4%|