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Predictors of alcohol and other drug use among pregnant women in a peri-urban South African setting

Overview of attention for article published in International Journal of Mental Health Systems, May 2016
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  • Above-average Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age (57th percentile)
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Mentioned by

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4 tweeters

Citations

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23 Dimensions

Readers on

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261 Mendeley
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Title
Predictors of alcohol and other drug use among pregnant women in a peri-urban South African setting
Published in
International Journal of Mental Health Systems, May 2016
DOI 10.1186/s13033-016-0070-x
Pubmed ID
Authors

Michael Nnachebe Onah, Sally Field, Thandi van Heyningen, Simone Honikman

Abstract

Alcohol and other drugs (AOD) use among pregnant women have been associated with adverse health outcomes for mother and child, during and after pregnancy. Factors associated with AOD use among women include age, poverty, unemployment, and interpersonal conflict. Few studies have looked at demographic, economic, and psychosocial factors as predictors of AOD use among pregnant women in low-income, peri-urban settings. The study aimed to determine the association between these risk factors and alcohol and drug use among pregnant women in Hanover Park, Cape Town. The study was undertaken at a Midwife Obstetric Unit providing primary-level maternity services in a resource-scarce area of South Africa. 376 adult women attending the unit were recruited and a multi-tool questionnaire administered. Demographic, socioeconomic and life events data were collected. The Expanded Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview Version 5.0.0 was used to assess alcohol abuse and other drugs use, depression, anxiety, and suicidal ideation. Descriptive and bivariate analyses were conducted to examine the associations between predictor variables. Non-parametric tests, Wilcoxon sum of rank test, Fisher Exact and two sample T test and multicollinearity tests were performed. Logistic regression was conducted to identify associations between the outcome of interest and key predictors. A probability value of p ≤ 0.05 was selected. Of the total number of pregnant women sampled, 18 % reported current AOD use. Of these, 18 % were currently experiencing a major depressive episode, 19 % had a current anxiety diagnosis, and 22 % expressed suicidal ideation. Depression, anxiety, suicidality, food insecurity, interpersonal violence, relationship dynamics, and past mental health problems were predictors of AOD use. This study has confirmed the vulnerability of pregnant women in low-income, peri-urban settings to alcohol abuse and other drugs use. Further, the association between diagnosed depression and anxiety, suicidality, and AOD use among these women may reflect how complex environmental factors support the coexistence of multiple mental health problems. These problems place mothers and their infants at high risk for poor health and development outcomes. The results have implications for planning appropriate interventions.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 4 tweeters who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 261 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 261 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Master 47 18%
Student > Ph. D. Student 31 12%
Student > Doctoral Student 29 11%
Student > Bachelor 23 9%
Researcher 21 8%
Other 44 17%
Unknown 66 25%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Psychology 58 22%
Medicine and Dentistry 48 18%
Social Sciences 33 13%
Nursing and Health Professions 27 10%
Neuroscience 6 2%
Other 18 7%
Unknown 71 27%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 3. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 12 July 2016.
All research outputs
#8,129,575
of 15,060,107 outputs
Outputs from International Journal of Mental Health Systems
#335
of 523 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#108,748
of 264,115 outputs
Outputs of similar age from International Journal of Mental Health Systems
#4
of 7 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 15,060,107 research outputs across all sources so far. This one is in the 45th percentile – i.e., 45% of other outputs scored the same or lower than it.
So far Altmetric has tracked 523 research outputs from this source. They typically receive a little more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 7.1. This one is in the 34th percentile – i.e., 34% of its peers scored the same or lower than it.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 264,115 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one has gotten more attention than average, scoring higher than 57% of its contemporaries.
We're also able to compare this research output to 7 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one has scored higher than 3 of them.