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Ultra-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole/time-of-flight mass spectrometry analysis of the impact of processing on toxic components of Kansui Radix

Overview of attention for article published in BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, February 2016
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Title
Ultra-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole/time-of-flight mass spectrometry analysis of the impact of processing on toxic components of Kansui Radix
Published in
BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, February 2016
DOI 10.1186/s12906-016-1039-7
Pubmed ID
Authors

Xin Shu, Xi-Wen Jiang, Brian Chi-Yan Cheng, Shuang-Cheng Ma, Guang-Ying Chen, Zhi-Ling Yu

Abstract

Kansui Radix (Gansui in Chinese), the dried tuber of Euphorbia kansui, is a Chinese medicinal herb commonly used for the treatment of oedema and ascites with dyspnea. Because of its toxic nature, the herb is usually processed with vinegar to reduce the toxicity. A report has shown that the contents of toxic terpenoids in Gansui decreased after processing with vinegar. However, comprehensive comparison of the chemical profiles between vinegar-processed and raw Gansui has not yet been conducted. An ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography in conjunction with ultra-high resolution quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UHPLC UHD Q-TOF MS/MS) method was developed for the analysis of chemical profiles of vinegar-processed and raw Gansui in this study. Results showed that processing with vinegar caused conspicuous chemical changes. Among the altered components, 11 toxic terpenoids, 3-O-benzoyl-13-O- dodecanoylingenol/20-O-benzoyl-13-O-dodecanoylingenol, kansuinine D, kansuinine A, 3-O-benzoyl-13-O-dodecanoylingenol/20-O-benzoyl-13-O-dodecanoylingenol, 3-O- benzoylingenol/20-O-benzoylingenol, 20-O-(2'E,4'Z-decadienoyl)ingenol/20-O-(2'E,4'E- decadienoyl)ingenol/3-O-(2'E,4'Z-decadienoyl)ingenol/3-O-(2'E,4'E-decadienoyl)ingenol, 3-O-(2'E,4'Z-decadienoyl)-20-deoxyingenol,3-O-(2'E,4'Z-,ecadienoyl)-5-O-acetylingenol,3-O-(2'E,4'Z-decadienoyl)-20-O-acetylingenol,3-O-(2,3-dimethylbutanoyl)-13-O-dodecanoylingenol, were tentatively identified. The contents of most of these terpenoids were obviously decreased after processing with reductions of 6.66-95.25 %. Our findings could help us understand the chemical basis for the toxicity reduction of Gansui afforded by processing with vinegar. Further investigations are warranted to establish the relationship between processing-induced chemical changes and the reduction of toxicity of Gansui.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profile of 1 tweeter who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 9 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 9 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Professor > Associate Professor 2 22%
Student > Ph. D. Student 1 11%
Other 1 11%
Lecturer > Senior Lecturer 1 11%
Student > Master 1 11%
Other 2 22%
Unknown 1 11%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Chemistry 2 22%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 2 22%
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology 2 22%
Unspecified 1 11%
Unknown 2 22%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 1. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 20 September 2016.
All research outputs
#7,268,063
of 8,409,255 outputs
Outputs from BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
#1,795
of 2,126 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#209,636
of 253,631 outputs
Outputs of similar age from BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
#51
of 73 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 8,409,255 research outputs across all sources so far. This one is in the 1st percentile – i.e., 1% of other outputs scored the same or lower than it.
So far Altmetric has tracked 2,126 research outputs from this source. They typically receive a little more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 6.6. This one is in the 1st percentile – i.e., 1% of its peers scored the same or lower than it.
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We're also able to compare this research output to 73 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one is in the 1st percentile – i.e., 1% of its contemporaries scored the same or lower than it.