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Retinal and vitreous metastases from hepatocholangiocarcinoma

Overview of attention for article published in BMC Cancer, June 2017
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Retinal and vitreous metastases from hepatocholangiocarcinoma
Published in
BMC Cancer, June 2017
DOI 10.1186/s12885-017-3429-8
Pubmed ID

Anna Praidou, Sarita Jacob, Luciane Irion, Ramesh Sivaraj, Carl Groenewald, Sarah E. Coupland, Heinrich Heimann


To report a case of metastatic hepatocholangiocarcinoma to the vitreous and retina. A 70-year-old male, who was recently diagnosed with hepatocholangiocarcinoma, was complaining of floaters in his right eye over the past 5 months and was referred to the Liverpool Ocular Oncology Centre. On presentation, his visual acuity in the right eye was 6/24. Fundus exam revealed a whitish, unilateral, full-thickness retinal lesion at the inferotemporal arcade of his right eye, with vitreous infiltration and subretinal fluid. The patient underwent 25G pars plana vitrectomy with biopsy, resection of the lesion and intravitreal bevacizumab injection. Histopathology testing of the surgical specimens confirmed the diagnosis of metastatic carcinoma to the eye. Two months postoperatively his visual acuity had improved to 6/7.5 and there was no sign of active disease in his right eye, while 9 months postoperatively his visual acuity decreased to 6/9.5 due to developing nuclear sclerotic cataract in his right eye. The current report presents the first case of a hepatocholangiocarcinoma metastasis to the vitreous and retina.

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Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 9 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 9 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Other 1 11%
Student > Doctoral Student 1 11%
Student > Bachelor 1 11%
Professor 1 11%
Student > Master 1 11%
Other 3 33%
Unknown 1 11%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Medicine and Dentistry 4 44%
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology 2 22%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 1 11%
Unknown 2 22%