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Factors influencing the practice of exclusive breastfeeding among nursing mothers in a peri-urban district of Ghana

Overview of attention for article published in BMC Research Notes, September 2017
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Factors influencing the practice of exclusive breastfeeding among nursing mothers in a peri-urban district of Ghana
Published in
BMC Research Notes, September 2017
DOI 10.1186/s13104-017-2774-7
Pubmed ID

Kofi Akohene Mensah, Enoch Acheampong, Francis Owusu Anokye, Paul Okyere, Emmanuel Appiah-Brempong, Rose Odotei Adjei


Exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) is one of the optimal infant and young child feeding practices. Globally, <40% of infants under 6 months of age are exclusively breastfed. In Ghana, 63% of children <6 months are exclusively breastfed which is far less than the 100% recommended by the United Nation Children Emergency Fund. This study was carried out to find out the factors that influence the practice of exclusive breastfeeding in the district. A cross-sectional quantitative study was conducted using structured questionnaires. A convenience sampling technique was employed to select 380 nursing mothers who attended postnatal care at the postnatal clinic in all the 13 health facilities with child welfare clinics (both public and private) and were available on the day of data collection. Data were analysed using frequency and CHISQ tables. There was a significant association between socio-demographic characteristics of mothers such as age (p = 0.129), religion (p = 0.035) type of employment (p = 0.005) and the practice of exclusive breastfeeding. Again, there was significant relationship between mothers' knowledge on EBF in terms of sources of information about EBF (p = 0.000), steps taken by mothers who perceived not to have breast milk (p = 0.000), some medical conditions of nursing mothers (p = 0.000) and the practice of EBF. Most nursing mothers use infant formula feeds as either supplement or substitute for breast milk based on their perception that breast milk may not be sufficient for the babies despite the high cost of these artificial milk. This puts the babies at a higher risk of compromised health and malnutrition which has the potential of increasing infant mortality. Most mothers are not practicing exclusive breastfeeding because their spouses and family members do not allow them.

Mendeley readers

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 395 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 395 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Bachelor 80 20%
Student > Master 42 11%
Researcher 26 7%
Student > Postgraduate 20 5%
Lecturer 17 4%
Other 63 16%
Unknown 147 37%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Nursing and Health Professions 110 28%
Medicine and Dentistry 58 15%
Social Sciences 17 4%
Unspecified 16 4%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 10 3%
Other 34 9%
Unknown 150 38%