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AmpC and extended spectrum beta-lactamases production among urinary isolates from a tertiary care hospital in Lalitpur, Nepal

Overview of attention for article published in BMC Research Notes, September 2017
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Title
AmpC and extended spectrum beta-lactamases production among urinary isolates from a tertiary care hospital in Lalitpur, Nepal
Published in
BMC Research Notes, September 2017
DOI 10.1186/s13104-017-2784-5
Pubmed ID
Authors

Suman Rai, Narayan Dutt Pant, Raju Bhandari, Anil Giri, Roshan Parajuli, Manoj Aryal, Jyoti Amatya, Vijay Kumar Sharma

Abstract

Production of AmpC and extended spectrum beta-lactamases among urinary isolates has created a serious problem to the successful management of the urinary tract infection. The main purpose of this study was to determine the rates of the extended spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) production and AmpC beta-lactamase (ABL) production among urinary isolates. Among total 564 urinary isolates, 514 (91.1%) were gram negative bacilli and 50 (8.9%) were gram positive cocci. E. coli (76.1%) was the most common bacteria isolated. Staphylococcus aureus (6.7%) was the predominant gram positive bacteria isolated. 35 (6.8%) of the 514 gram negative bacilli were ESBL producers. Similarly, 14 (2.7%) of the gram negative bacilli were ABL producers. Only one isolate was ESBL and ABL co-producer. Highest rate of susceptibility of gram negative bacteria was seen toward amikacin (97.3%) followed by imipenem (94.4%). Similarly, highest rate of susceptibility among gram positive cocci was seen toward vancomycin (100%) followed by amikacin (93.5%). Low rates of AmpC and extended spectrum beta-lactamases production in comparison to other previous studies were reported. On the basis of the antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of the bacteria we reported in our study, amikacin, imipenem and nitrofurantoin can be used for the preliminary treatment of urinary tract infections caused by gram negative bacteria and vancomycin and amikacin for treatment of urinary tract infections caused by gram positive bacteria.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profile of 1 tweeter who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 34 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 34 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Master 8 24%
Researcher 6 18%
Student > Bachelor 2 6%
Student > Ph. D. Student 2 6%
Student > Doctoral Student 1 3%
Other 3 9%
Unknown 12 35%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Immunology and Microbiology 10 29%
Medicine and Dentistry 5 15%
Nursing and Health Professions 3 9%
Business, Management and Accounting 2 6%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 2 6%
Other 2 6%
Unknown 10 29%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 1. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 29 September 2017.
All research outputs
#10,495,554
of 11,843,218 outputs
Outputs from BMC Research Notes
#2,141
of 2,605 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#228,511
of 270,683 outputs
Outputs of similar age from BMC Research Notes
#34
of 39 outputs
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We're also able to compare this research output to 39 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one is in the 1st percentile – i.e., 1% of its contemporaries scored the same or lower than it.