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Lentivirus-mediated short hairpin RNA interference targeting TNF-alpha in macrophages inhibits particle-induced inflammation and osteolysis in vitro and in vivo

Overview of attention for article published in BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, October 2016
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Title
Lentivirus-mediated short hairpin RNA interference targeting TNF-alpha in macrophages inhibits particle-induced inflammation and osteolysis in vitro and in vivo
Published in
BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, October 2016
DOI 10.1186/s12891-016-1290-6
Pubmed ID
Authors

Chu-qiang Qin, Dong-sheng Huang, Chi Zhang, Bin Song, Jian-bin Huang, Yue Ding

Abstract

Aseptic loosening is a significant impediment to joint implant longevity. Prosthetic wear particles are postulated to play a central role in the onset and progression of periprosthetic osteolysis, leading to aseptic loosening of the prosthesis. We investigated the inhibitory effects of a lentivirus-mediated short hairpin RNA that targets the TNF-alpha gene on the particle-induced inflammatory and osteolytic changes via macrophages both in vitro and in vivo. An siRNA sequence targeting the mouse TNF-alpha gene from four candidates, transcribed in vitro, was screened and identified. A lentivirus vector expressing short hairpin RNA (shRNA) was then constructed in order to facilitate efficient expression of TNF-alpha-siRNA. Lentivirus-mediated shRNA was transduced into cells of the mouse macrophage line RAW 264.7. Ceramic and titanium particles were introduced 24 h after lentivirus transduction to stimulate cells. TNF-alpha expression, represented by both mRNA and protein levels, was quantified with real-time PCR and ELISA at all time intervals. Lentivirus-mediated shRNA suspension was locally administered into the murine calvarial model, followed by local injection of particles. A multi-slice spiral CT scan was used to evaluate the osteolysis of the calvaria by detecting the width of the cranial sutures. Macrophages developed pseudopods when co-cultured with particles. Lentivirus-mediated shRNA was shown to effectively inhibit the expression of TNF-alpha at both the mRNA and protein levels in RAW 264.7. The multi-slice spiral CT scan showed that the lentivirus-mediated shRNA significantly suppressed osteolysis of mouse calvaria. Our investigation highlighted the results that lentivirus-mediated shRNA targeting the TNF-alpha gene successfully inhibited particle-induced inflammatory and osteolytic changes both in vitro and in vivo. Therefore, lentivirus-mediated gene therapy may provide a novel therapeutic approach to aseptic joint loosening.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profile of 1 tweeter who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 12 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Indonesia 1 8%
Unknown 11 92%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Researcher 4 33%
Student > Bachelor 3 25%
Other 2 17%
Student > Postgraduate 1 8%
Unknown 2 17%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology 4 33%
Medicine and Dentistry 3 25%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 2 17%
Psychology 1 8%
Unknown 2 17%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 1. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 17 October 2017.
All research outputs
#9,602,531
of 12,002,078 outputs
Outputs from BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
#1,906
of 2,404 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#206,834
of 284,435 outputs
Outputs of similar age from BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
#90
of 132 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 12,002,078 research outputs across all sources so far. This one is in the 11th percentile – i.e., 11% of other outputs scored the same or lower than it.
So far Altmetric has tracked 2,404 research outputs from this source. They typically receive a little more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 5.7. This one is in the 8th percentile – i.e., 8% of its peers scored the same or lower than it.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 284,435 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one is in the 16th percentile – i.e., 16% of its contemporaries scored the same or lower than it.
We're also able to compare this research output to 132 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one is in the 21st percentile – i.e., 21% of its contemporaries scored the same or lower than it.