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Factors associated with implementation of the 5A’s smoking cessation model

Overview of attention for article published in Tobacco Induced Diseases, November 2017
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Title
Factors associated with implementation of the 5A’s smoking cessation model
Published in
Tobacco Induced Diseases, November 2017
DOI 10.1186/s12971-017-0146-7
Pubmed ID
Authors

C. Martínez, Y. Castellano, A. Andrés, M. Fu, L. Antón, M. Ballbè, P. Fernández, S. Cabrera, A. Riccobene, E. Gavilan, A. Feliu, A. Baena, M. Margalef, E. Fernández

Abstract

Several health organizations have adopted the 5A's brief intervention model (Ask, Advise, Assess, Assist, Arrange), based on evidence-based guidelines for smoking cessation. We examine individual, cognitive, behavioral, and organizational factors associated with the 5A's performance among clinical healthcare workers in Catalonia. We also investigate how these factors interact and potentially predict the implementation of each component of the 5A's. A cross-sectional survey was conducted among clinical health workers enrolled in an online smoking cessation training course (n = 580). The survey included questions about individual characteristics as well as cognitive, behavioral, and organizational factors previously identified in research. We assessed self-reported performance of the 5A's, assessed on a scale from 0 to 10, and used Multivariate regression to examine factors associated with its performance. The performance means (standard deviation) were moderate for the first 3A's [Ask: 6.4 (3.1); Advise: 7.1 (2.7); Assess: 6.3 (2.8)] and low for the last 2A's [Assist: 4.4 (2.9); Arrange: 3.2 (3.3)]. We observed a high correlation between Assist and Arrange (r = 0.704, p < 0.001). Having positive experiences and feeling competent were positively associated with performing the 5A's model and having organizational support with Assist and Arrange. Personal tobacco use among healthcare workers was negatively associated with Advice and Arrange. Our study found that clinical healthcare workers do not perform the 5A's completely. The main barriers identified suggest the need of training and making available practical guidelines in healthcare services. Organizational support is essential for moving towards the implementation of Assist and Arrange.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profile of 1 tweeter who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 68 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 68 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Master 18 26%
Student > Bachelor 7 10%
Researcher 5 7%
Unspecified 5 7%
Professor 4 6%
Other 16 24%
Unknown 13 19%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Medicine and Dentistry 19 28%
Nursing and Health Professions 16 24%
Unspecified 5 7%
Psychology 4 6%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 2 3%
Other 6 9%
Unknown 16 24%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 1. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 04 November 2017.
All research outputs
#10,825,565
of 13,604,501 outputs
Outputs from Tobacco Induced Diseases
#165
of 199 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#232,724
of 316,415 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Tobacco Induced Diseases
#21
of 22 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 13,604,501 research outputs across all sources so far. This one is in the 11th percentile – i.e., 11% of other outputs scored the same or lower than it.
So far Altmetric has tracked 199 research outputs from this source. They typically receive a little more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 5.8. This one is in the 11th percentile – i.e., 11% of its peers scored the same or lower than it.
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We're also able to compare this research output to 22 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one is in the 1st percentile – i.e., 1% of its contemporaries scored the same or lower than it.