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Urogenital schistosomiasis and associated determinant factors among senior high school students in the Dutsin-Ma and Safana Local Government Areas of Katsina State, Nigeria

Overview of attention for article published in Infectious Diseases of Poverty, August 2016
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78 Mendeley
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Title
Urogenital schistosomiasis and associated determinant factors among senior high school students in the Dutsin-Ma and Safana Local Government Areas of Katsina State, Nigeria
Published in
Infectious Diseases of Poverty, August 2016
DOI 10.1186/s40249-016-0158-1
Pubmed ID
Authors

Tolulope Ebenezer Atalabi, Umar Lawal, Francis Omowonuola Akinluyi

Abstract

Human schistosomiasis is a chronic parasitic disease of poverty caused by the cercariae of digenetic trematodes of the genus Schistosoma. The disease is a major source of morbidity and mortality in 77 low- and middle-income countries in the tropics where 700 million people are at risk. In a bid to provide relevant epidemiological information to boost control of urogenital schistosomiasis at the state level in Nigeria, we conducted this study with the aim of investigating the disease's prevalence and intensity, and the determinant factors responsible for its endemicity. Data on risk factors were obtained from a total of 645 students aged 12─25 years using well- designed questionnaires. Samples were collected between 09:45 and 14:00 in universal bottles. Each10μl centrifuged sample was examined for the eggs of S. haematobium using Motic® (Binocular) Light Microscope (model S-10-P) with a x10 objective. Average infection intensity was recorded as number of eggs per 10 ml of urine sample. Survey data were entered into Microsoft Excel 2010 and analyzed using Epi Info™ 7. Associations among variables were determined using the chi square test and bivariate and multivariate logistic regressions. Prevalence of urogenital schistosomiasis was 30.54 % among the study population, with a mean infection intensity of 30.27 eggs/10 ml of urine. Prevalence and average intensity were higher in males (28.37 % and 32.21 eggs/10 ml of urine respectively) than in females (2.17 % and 5 eggs/10 ml of urine respectively). Water contact activities (X (2)   = 29.031, P = 0.0000), sex (male) [X (2)   = 109.82; P<0.0001], location (Dutsin─Ma) [X (2)   = 7.19; P = 0.0073], age group 18-20 (X (2)   = 4.819, P = 0.0281), altitude (531─560 m) [X (2)   = 6.84, p = 0.0089], fathers doing other brown─collar jobs (X (2)   = 8.449, P = 0.0037) and mothers' occupation (X (2)   = 9.470, P = 0.0021) were found to be significantly associated with urogenital schistosomiasis. Boys were six times more likely to be infected with the cercariae of S. haematobium compared to girls [AOR (95 % CI): 6.34 (4.89─8.22)]. Dutsin-Ma and Safana were classified as moderate-risk Local Government Areas for urogenital schistosomiasis. The strong association between the disease and mother's occupation is of utmost importance and suggests a promising control measure: that is, directing health education as well as grassroots mass chemotherapeutic intervention with praziquantel at mothers. A good network including treated pipe-borne water, drainage system, and sewage disposal facilities available should be improved upon. Molluscicides should be provided at highly subsidized rate to help control the disease.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profile of 1 tweeter who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 78 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Kenya 1 1%
Unknown 77 99%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Master 15 19%
Researcher 12 15%
Student > Ph. D. Student 9 12%
Student > Postgraduate 7 9%
Student > Bachelor 4 5%
Other 8 10%
Unknown 23 29%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Medicine and Dentistry 20 26%
Nursing and Health Professions 7 9%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 6 8%
Environmental Science 4 5%
Immunology and Microbiology 2 3%
Other 9 12%
Unknown 30 38%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 1. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 07 December 2017.
All research outputs
#7,665,294
of 12,265,937 outputs
Outputs from Infectious Diseases of Poverty
#265
of 423 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#191,161
of 343,675 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Infectious Diseases of Poverty
#18
of 35 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 12,265,937 research outputs across all sources so far. This one is in the 23rd percentile – i.e., 23% of other outputs scored the same or lower than it.
So far Altmetric has tracked 423 research outputs from this source. They receive a mean Attention Score of 4.1. This one is in the 29th percentile – i.e., 29% of its peers scored the same or lower than it.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 343,675 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one is in the 34th percentile – i.e., 34% of its contemporaries scored the same or lower than it.
We're also able to compare this research output to 35 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one is in the 40th percentile – i.e., 40% of its contemporaries scored the same or lower than it.