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Familial aggregation of anxiety and depression in the community: the role of adolescents’ self-esteem and physical activity level (the HUNT Study)

Overview of attention for article published in BMC Public Health, February 2015
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  • Above-average Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age (64th percentile)

Mentioned by

4 tweeters


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152 Mendeley
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Familial aggregation of anxiety and depression in the community: the role of adolescents’ self-esteem and physical activity level (the HUNT Study)
Published in
BMC Public Health, February 2015
DOI 10.1186/s12889-015-1431-0
Pubmed ID

Ingunn Ranøyen, Frode Stenseng, Christian A Klöckner, Jan Wallander, Thomas Jozefiak


BackgroundSymptoms of anxiety and depression are significantly associated in parents and children, but few studies have examined associations between recurrent parental problems and offspring symptoms, and fathers have rarely been included in these studies. Additionally, few have investigated factors that may protect against familial aggregation of anxiety and depression. The aims of the present study are to examine the associations between recurrent parental anxiety/depression over a ten-year time span and offspring anxiety/depression in adolescence and to test whether two factors proposed to be inversely related to anxiety and depression, namely, adolescent self-esteem and physical activity, may moderate and mediate the transmission of anxiety/depression.MethodsThis study used data from two waves of a Norwegian community study (the HUNT study) consisting of 5,732 adolescents, ages 13¿18, (mean age¿=¿15.8, 50.3% girls) who had one (N¿=¿1,761 mothers; N¿=¿742 fathers) or both parents (N¿=¿3,229) participating in the second wave. In the first wave, 78% of the parents also participated. The adolescents completed self-reported questionnaires on self-esteem, physical activity, and symptoms of anxiety/depression, whereas parents reported on their own anxiety/depressive symptoms. The data were analysed with structural equation modeling.ResultsThe presence of parental anxiety/depression when offspring were of a preschool age predicted offspring anxiety/depression when they reached adolescence, but these associations were entirely mediated by current parental symptoms. Self-esteem partly mediated the associations between anxiety/depression in parents and offspring. No sex differences were found. Physical activity moderated the direct associations between anxiety/depression in mothers and offspring, whereas no moderating effect was evident with regard to paternal anxiety/depression.ConclusionsThese findings suggest that children of parents with anxiety/depression problems are at a sustained risk for mental health problems due to the apparent 10-year stability of both maternal and paternal anxiety/depression. Thus, preventing familial aggregation of these problems as early as possible seems vital. The associations between parental and offspring anxiety/depression were partially mediated by offspring self-esteem and were moderated by physical activity. Hence, prevention and treatment efforts could be aimed at increasing self-esteem and encouraging physical activity in vulnerable children of parents with anxiety/depression.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 4 tweeters who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 152 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 152 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Master 26 17%
Student > Bachelor 24 16%
Student > Doctoral Student 19 13%
Student > Ph. D. Student 18 12%
Researcher 13 9%
Other 21 14%
Unknown 31 20%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Psychology 36 24%
Medicine and Dentistry 22 14%
Sports and Recreations 22 14%
Nursing and Health Professions 11 7%
Social Sciences 7 5%
Other 14 9%
Unknown 40 26%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 3. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 05 February 2015.
All research outputs
of 13,727,342 outputs
Outputs from BMC Public Health
of 9,461 outputs
Outputs of similar age
of 279,844 outputs
Outputs of similar age from BMC Public Health
of 2 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 13,727,342 research outputs across all sources so far. This one is in the 47th percentile – i.e., 47% of other outputs scored the same or lower than it.
So far Altmetric has tracked 9,461 research outputs from this source. They typically receive a lot more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 11.1. This one is in the 42nd percentile – i.e., 42% of its peers scored the same or lower than it.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 279,844 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one has gotten more attention than average, scoring higher than 64% of its contemporaries.
We're also able to compare this research output to 2 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one.