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Transcriptome and secretome analysis of Aspergillus fumigatus in the presence of sugarcane bagasse

Overview of attention for article published in BMC Genomics, April 2018
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Title
Transcriptome and secretome analysis of Aspergillus fumigatus in the presence of sugarcane bagasse
Published in
BMC Genomics, April 2018
DOI 10.1186/s12864-018-4627-8
Pubmed ID
Authors

Paula Fagundes de Gouvêa, Aline Vianna Bernardi, Luis Eduardo Gerolamo, Emerson de Souza Santos, Diego Mauricio Riaño-Pachón, Sergio Akira Uyemura, Taisa Magnani Dinamarco

Abstract

Sugarcane bagasse has been proposed as a lignocellulosic residue for second-generation ethanol (2G) produced by breaking down biomass into fermentable sugars. The enzymatic cocktails for biomass degradation are mostly produced by fungi, but low cost and high efficiency can consolidate 2G technologies. A. fumigatus plays an important role in plant biomass degradation capabilities and recycling. To gain more insight into the divergence in gene expression during steam-exploded bagasse (SEB) breakdown, this study profiled the transcriptome of A. fumigatus by RNA sequencing to compare transcriptional profiles of A. fumigatus grown on media containing SEB or fructose as the sole carbon source. Secretome analysis was also performed using SDS-PAGE and LC-MS/MS. The maximum activities of cellulases (0.032 U mL-1), endo-1,4-β--xylanase (10.82 U mL-1) and endo-1,3-β glucanases (0.77 U mL-1) showed that functional CAZymes (carbohydrate-active enzymes) were secreted in the SEB culture conditions. Correlations between transcriptome and secretome data identified several CAZymes in A. fumigatus. Particular attention was given to CAZymes related to lignocellulose degradation and sugar transporters. Genes encoding glycoside hydrolase classes commonly expressed during the breakdown of cellulose, such as GH-5, 6, 7, 43, 45, and hemicellulose, such as GH-2, 10, 11, 30, 43, were found to be highly expressed in SEB conditions. Lytic polysaccharide monooxygenases (LPMO) classified as auxiliary activity families AA9 (GH61), CE (1, 4, 8, 15, 16), PL (1, 3, 4, 20) and GT (1, 2, 4, 8, 20, 35, 48) were also differentially expressed in this condition. Similarly, the most important enzymes related to biomass degradation, including endoxylanases, xyloglucanases, β-xylosidases, LPMOs, α-arabinofuranosidases, cellobiohydrolases, endoglucanases and β-glucosidases, were also identified in the secretome. This is the first report of a transcriptome and secretome experiment of Aspergillus fumigatus in the degradation of pretreated sugarcane bagasse. The results suggest that this strain employs important strategies for this complex degradation process. It was possible to identify a set of genes and proteins that might be applied in several biotechnology fields. This knowledge can be exploited for the improvement of 2G ethanol production by the rational design of enzymatic cocktails.

Twitter Demographics

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Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 64 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 64 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Ph. D. Student 12 19%
Student > Master 12 19%
Researcher 8 13%
Student > Bachelor 6 9%
Student > Doctoral Student 5 8%
Other 8 13%
Unknown 13 20%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology 20 31%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 17 27%
Medicine and Dentistry 3 5%
Arts and Humanities 2 3%
Immunology and Microbiology 1 2%
Other 6 9%
Unknown 15 23%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 1. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 06 April 2018.
All research outputs
#11,987,851
of 15,068,119 outputs
Outputs from BMC Genomics
#6,582
of 8,622 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#208,852
of 278,195 outputs
Outputs of similar age from BMC Genomics
#15
of 23 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 15,068,119 research outputs across all sources so far. This one is in the 11th percentile – i.e., 11% of other outputs scored the same or lower than it.
So far Altmetric has tracked 8,622 research outputs from this source. They receive a mean Attention Score of 4.3. This one is in the 13th percentile – i.e., 13% of its peers scored the same or lower than it.
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We're also able to compare this research output to 23 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one is in the 17th percentile – i.e., 17% of its contemporaries scored the same or lower than it.