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A meta-analysis of the prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in animals and humans in Ethiopia

Overview of attention for article published in Parasites & Vectors, May 2015
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1 tweeter

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34 Dimensions

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80 Mendeley
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Title
A meta-analysis of the prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in animals and humans in Ethiopia
Published in
Parasites & Vectors, May 2015
DOI 10.1186/s13071-015-0901-7
Pubmed ID
Authors

Endrias Zewdu Gebremedhin, Getachew Tadesse

Abstract

Toxoplasmosis is a worldwide zoonosis. The objectives of this study were to estimate the prevalence and assess the potential risk factors of Toxoplasma gondii infections in animals and humans in Ethiopia by using meta-analytical methods. Published studies on T. gondii in animals and humans in Ethiopia were searched in Medline, Google scholar and the lists of references of articles. Eligible studies were selected by using inclusion and exclusion criteria. The risks of within and across study biases, and the variations in prevalence estimates attributable to heterogeneities were assessed. Pooled prevalence was estimated by the DerSimonian and Laird random effects model. Thirty two studies were eligible and data from 5689 animals and 5718 humans were used for quantitative syntheses. The pooled IgG seroprevalence in cats, small ruminants and humans were estimated at 87.72 % (95 % CI = 78.63, 93.28), 34.59 % (95 % CI = 21.08, 51.12) and 74.73 % (95 % CI = 61.85, 84.36), respectively. The odds of infections were higher in pregnant than in non pregnant women (OR = 3.96), in individuals that had contact with cats than those with no contact (OR = 2.53), and in urban than in rural inhabitants (OR = 2.06). Toxoplasmosis is highly prevalent and could be a cause of considerable reproductive wastage in small ruminants and multiple diseases in humans in Ethiopia. Public education on preventive measures could help reduce the transmission of the parasite to humans.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profile of 1 tweeter who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 80 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Ethiopia 1 1%
Italy 1 1%
Kenya 1 1%
India 1 1%
Belgium 1 1%
Unknown 75 94%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Master 14 18%
Researcher 12 15%
Student > Bachelor 11 14%
Student > Ph. D. Student 10 13%
Student > Postgraduate 6 8%
Other 12 15%
Unknown 15 19%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Medicine and Dentistry 18 23%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 13 16%
Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine 8 10%
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology 4 5%
Environmental Science 4 5%
Other 16 20%
Unknown 17 21%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 1. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 07 June 2015.
All research outputs
#7,813,079
of 12,451,686 outputs
Outputs from Parasites & Vectors
#1,854
of 3,208 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#124,048
of 231,394 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Parasites & Vectors
#3
of 9 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 12,451,686 research outputs across all sources so far. This one is in the 23rd percentile – i.e., 23% of other outputs scored the same or lower than it.
So far Altmetric has tracked 3,208 research outputs from this source. They receive a mean Attention Score of 4.4. This one is in the 36th percentile – i.e., 36% of its peers scored the same or lower than it.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 231,394 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one is in the 36th percentile – i.e., 36% of its contemporaries scored the same or lower than it.
We're also able to compare this research output to 9 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one has scored higher than 6 of them.