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Potential harmful health effects of inhaling nicotine-free shisha-pen vapor: a chemical risk assessment of the main components propylene glycol and glycerol

Overview of attention for article published in Tobacco Induced Diseases, June 2015
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About this Attention Score

  • In the top 25% of all research outputs scored by Altmetric
  • Among the highest-scoring outputs from this source (#29 of 286)
  • High Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age (91st percentile)

Mentioned by

news
2 news outlets
policy
1 policy source
twitter
5 tweeters

Citations

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32 Dimensions

Readers on

mendeley
110 Mendeley
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Title
Potential harmful health effects of inhaling nicotine-free shisha-pen vapor: a chemical risk assessment of the main components propylene glycol and glycerol
Published in
Tobacco Induced Diseases, June 2015
DOI 10.1186/s12971-015-0038-7
Pubmed ID
Authors

Anne S Kienhuis, Lya G Soeteman-Hernandez, Peter MJ Bos, Hans WJM Cremers, Walther N Klerx, Reinskje Talhout

Abstract

A shisha-pen is an electronic cigarette variant that is advertised to mimic the taste of a water pipe, or shisha. The aim of this study was to assess the potential harmful health effects caused by inhaling the vapor of a nicotine-free shisha-pen. Gas chromatography analysis was performed to determine the major components in shisha-pen vapor. Risk assessment was performed using puff volumes of e-cigarettes and "normal" cigarettes and a 1-puff scenario (one-time exposure). The concentrations that reached the airways and lungs after using a shisha-pen were calculated and compared to data from published toxicity studies. The main components in shisha-pen vapor are propylene glycol and glycerol (54%/46%). One puff (50 to 70 mL) results in exposure of propylene glycol and glycerol of 430 to 603 mg/m(3) and 348 to 495 mg/m(3), respectively. These exposure concentrations were higher than the points of departure for airway irritation based on a human study (propylene glycol, mean concentration of 309 mg/m(3)) and a rat study (glycerol, no-observed adverse effect level of 165 mg/m(3)). Already after one puff of the shisha-pen, the concentrations of propylene glycol and glycerol are sufficiently high to potentially cause irritation of the airways. New products such as the shisha-pen should be detected and risks should be assessed to inform regulatory actions aimed at limiting potential harm that may be caused to consumers and protecting young people to take up smoking.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 5 tweeters who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 110 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 110 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Bachelor 17 15%
Student > Master 15 14%
Researcher 14 13%
Student > Ph. D. Student 9 8%
Other 7 6%
Other 17 15%
Unknown 31 28%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Medicine and Dentistry 18 16%
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology 10 9%
Chemistry 9 8%
Environmental Science 9 8%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 8 7%
Other 23 21%
Unknown 33 30%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 19. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 29 September 2021.
All research outputs
#1,446,398
of 20,591,902 outputs
Outputs from Tobacco Induced Diseases
#29
of 286 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#20,422
of 244,663 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Tobacco Induced Diseases
#1
of 2 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 20,591,902 research outputs across all sources so far. Compared to these this one has done particularly well and is in the 92nd percentile: it's in the top 10% of all research outputs ever tracked by Altmetric.
So far Altmetric has tracked 286 research outputs from this source. They typically receive a lot more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 11.7. This one has done well, scoring higher than 89% of its peers.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 244,663 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 91% of its contemporaries.
We're also able to compare this research output to 2 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one has scored higher than all of them