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Exposure to Leishmania spp. and sand flies in domestic animals in northwestern Ethiopia

Overview of attention for article published in Parasites & Vectors, July 2015
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2 tweeters
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1 Facebook page

Citations

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30 Dimensions

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102 Mendeley
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Title
Exposure to Leishmania spp. and sand flies in domestic animals in northwestern Ethiopia
Published in
Parasites & Vectors, July 2015
DOI 10.1186/s13071-015-0976-1
Pubmed ID
Authors

Iva Rohousova, Dalit Talmi-Frank, Tatiana Kostalova, Nikola Polanska, Tereza Lestinova, Aysheshm Kassahun, Daniel Yasur-Landau, Carla Maia, Roni King, Jan Votypka, Charles L. Jaffe, Alon Warburg, Asrat Hailu, Petr Volf, Gad Baneth

Abstract

Human visceral leishmaniasis caused by Leishmania donovani is considered an anthroponosis; however, Leishmania-infected animals have been increasingly reported in L. donovani foci, and the role of these animals as reservoirs for human L. donovani infection remains unclear. We conducted a study of domestic animals (goats, sheep, cows, dogs, and donkeys) in three L. donovani foci in northwestern Ethiopia. Domestic animals were screened for Leishmania DNA and for anti-L. donovani IgG. Serum anti-sand fly saliva antibodies were used as a marker of exposure to the vector sand fly, Phlebotomus orientalis. Of 546 animals tested, 32 (5.9 %) were positive for Leishmania DNA, with positive animals identified among all species studied. Sequencing indicated that the animals were infected with parasites of the L. donovani complex but could not distinguish between L. infantum and L. donovani. A total of 18.9 % of the animals were seropositive for anti-L. donovani IgG, and 23.1 % of the animals were seropositive for anti-P. orientalis saliva IgG, with the highest seroprevalence observed in dogs and sheep. A positive correlation was found between anti-P. orientalis saliva and anti-L. donovani IgGs in cows, goats, and sheep. The detection of L. donovani complex DNA in the blood of domestic animals, the reported seroprevalence to the L. donovani antigen, and the widespread exposure to sand fly saliva among domestic animals indicate that they are frequently exposed to Leishmania infection and are likely to participate in the epidemiology of Leishmania infection, either as potential blood sources for sand flies or possibly as parasite hosts.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 2 tweeters who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 102 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 102 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Master 25 25%
Student > Ph. D. Student 12 12%
Student > Bachelor 11 11%
Researcher 9 9%
Student > Doctoral Student 5 5%
Other 17 17%
Unknown 23 23%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 26 25%
Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine 14 14%
Medicine and Dentistry 9 9%
Immunology and Microbiology 7 7%
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology 6 6%
Other 13 13%
Unknown 27 26%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 1. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 15 July 2015.
All research outputs
#2,844,822
of 5,357,375 outputs
Outputs from Parasites & Vectors
#883
of 1,671 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#102,350
of 186,035 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Parasites & Vectors
#61
of 114 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 5,357,375 research outputs across all sources so far. This one is in the 33rd percentile – i.e., 33% of other outputs scored the same or lower than it.
So far Altmetric has tracked 1,671 research outputs from this source. They receive a mean Attention Score of 3.3. This one is in the 39th percentile – i.e., 39% of its peers scored the same or lower than it.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 186,035 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one is in the 35th percentile – i.e., 35% of its contemporaries scored the same or lower than it.
We're also able to compare this research output to 114 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one is in the 39th percentile – i.e., 39% of its contemporaries scored the same or lower than it.