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Bat rabies surveillance and risk factors for rabies spillover in an urban area of Southern Brazil

Overview of attention for article published in BMC Veterinary Research, June 2018
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4 tweeters

Citations

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3 Dimensions

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53 Mendeley
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Title
Bat rabies surveillance and risk factors for rabies spillover in an urban area of Southern Brazil
Published in
BMC Veterinary Research, June 2018
DOI 10.1186/s12917-018-1485-1
Pubmed ID
Authors

Juliano Ribeiro, Claudia Staudacher, Camila Marinelli Martins, Leila Sabrina Ullmann, Fernando Ferreira, João Pessoa Araujo, Alexander Welker Biondo

Abstract

Bat rabies surveillance data and risk factors for rabies spillover without human cases have been evaluated in Curitiba, the ninth biggest city in Brazil, during a 6-year period (2010-2015). A retrospective analysis of bat complaints, bat species identification and rabies testing of bats, dogs and cats has been performed using methodologies of seasonal decomposition, spatial distribution and kernel density analysis. Overall, a total of 1003 requests for bat removal have been attended to, and 806 bats were collected in 606 city locations. Bat species were identified among 13 genera of three families, with a higher frequency of Nyctinomops in the central-northern region and Molossidae scattered throughout city limits. Out of the bats captured alive, 419/806 (52.0%) healthy bats were released due to absence of human or animal contacts. The remaining 387/806 (48.0%) bats were sent for euthanasia and rabies testing, which resulted in 9/387 (2.32%) positives. Linear regression has shown an increase on sample numbers tested over time (regression: y = 2.02 + 0.17×; p < 0.001 and r2 = 0.29), as well as significant seasonal variation, which increases in January and decreases in May, June and July. The Kernel density analysis showed the center-northern city area to be statistically important, and the southern region had no tested samples within the period. In addition, a total of 4769 random and suspicious samples were sent for rabies diagnosis including those from dogs, cats, bats and others from 2007 to 2015. While all 2676 dog brains tested negative, only 1/1136 (0.088%) cat brains tested positive for rabies. Only non-hematophagous bats were collected during the study, and the highest frequency of collections occurred in the center-northern region of the city. Rabies spillover from bats to cats may be more likely due to the registered exposure associated with cats' innate hunting habits, predisposing them to even closer contact with potentially infected bats. Although associated with a very low frequency of rabies, cats should always be included in rabies surveillance and vaccination programs.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 4 tweeters who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 53 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 53 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Master 12 23%
Student > Bachelor 7 13%
Other 6 11%
Professor 4 8%
Researcher 4 8%
Other 12 23%
Unknown 8 15%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine 20 38%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 8 15%
Medicine and Dentistry 3 6%
Immunology and Microbiology 3 6%
Environmental Science 2 4%
Other 6 11%
Unknown 11 21%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 2. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 05 June 2018.
All research outputs
#7,476,267
of 13,040,510 outputs
Outputs from BMC Veterinary Research
#643
of 1,875 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#138,286
of 271,398 outputs
Outputs of similar age from BMC Veterinary Research
#6
of 24 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 13,040,510 research outputs across all sources so far. This one is in the 42nd percentile – i.e., 42% of other outputs scored the same or lower than it.
So far Altmetric has tracked 1,875 research outputs from this source. They receive a mean Attention Score of 2.8. This one has gotten more attention than average, scoring higher than 64% of its peers.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 271,398 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one is in the 48th percentile – i.e., 48% of its contemporaries scored the same or lower than it.
We're also able to compare this research output to 24 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one has done well, scoring higher than 75% of its contemporaries.