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Changes in exclusive breastfeeding practices and its determinants in India, 1992–2006: analysis of national survey data

Overview of attention for article published in International Breastfeeding Journal, December 2015
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  • Good Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age (74th percentile)
  • Average Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age and source

Mentioned by

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6 tweeters
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1 Facebook page

Citations

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29 Dimensions

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117 Mendeley
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Title
Changes in exclusive breastfeeding practices and its determinants in India, 1992–2006: analysis of national survey data
Published in
International Breastfeeding Journal, December 2015
DOI 10.1186/s13006-015-0059-0
Pubmed ID
Authors

Nomita Chandhiok, Kh. Jitenkumar Singh, Damodar Sahu, Lucky Singh, Arvind Pandey

Abstract

Exclusive breastfeeding up to six months is considered to be beneficial for the health and wellbeing of infants and mothers. To guide policy makers in the development of targeted breastfeeding promotion strategies, changes in the effect of predictor variables on exclusive breastfeeding practices in India were examined. Data from two rounds of the National Family Health Survey (NFHS) carried out in India during 1992-93 (NFHS-1), and 2005-06 (NFHS-3) were analysed. A total of 34,176 and 25,459 births under three years of age in NFHS-1 and NFHS-3 respectively comprised the sample. Exclusive breastfeeding was defined as infants zero to five months of age who received only breast milk in previous 24 h. The practice of exclusive breastfeeding was examined at different ages (1, 4 and 6 months) against a set of predictor variables using bivariate and multinomial logistic regression in conjunction with the multiple classification analysis. Overall 46.3 per cent and 48.6 per cent of infants under six months of age were exclusively breastfed in NFHS-1 and NFHS-3 respectively. The proportion declined with each additional month of age, and at four months only 24 per cent infants in NFHS-1 and 31 per cent infants in NFHS-3 were exclusively breastfeeding. In the NFHS-1 a higher proportion of infants perceived to be small size at birth and those with mothers in gainful employment were exclusively breastfed. While in infants of mothers living in urban areas, older mothers (aged ≥ 35 years), more literate mothers, belonging to a higher standard of living index, preceding birth interval less than two years, and in those who had antenatal/natal care, a lower proportion of exclusive breastfeeding was observed at different ages of the infant. However, in the NFHS-3, children of older mothers and of those who were less educated the proportion of exclusive breastfeeding was significantly greater at one month of age. In the age segment one to four months; exclusive breastfeeding was significantly lower in infants born to older mothers, from medium standard of living households and perceived to be of small size at birth. Infants of mothers who were more educated, aged ≥ 35 years, living in urban areas and who had antenatal/natal care were the factors associated with a lower proportion of exclusive breastfeeding at six months of age. The rate of exclusive breastfeeding in India continues to be sub-optimal with no appreciable gains in the last ten to fifteen years. Interventions that seek to increase exclusive breastfeeding should be timely with an increased focus on mothers with infants four to six months of age and in those who are most at risk of early discontinuation of exclusive breastfeeding.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 6 tweeters who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 117 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 117 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Master 32 27%
Student > Postgraduate 14 12%
Student > Ph. D. Student 14 12%
Researcher 11 9%
Student > Doctoral Student 8 7%
Other 21 18%
Unknown 17 15%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Medicine and Dentistry 37 32%
Nursing and Health Professions 28 24%
Social Sciences 11 9%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 5 4%
Economics, Econometrics and Finance 2 2%
Other 13 11%
Unknown 21 18%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 4. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 25 March 2016.
All research outputs
#3,670,966
of 13,602,134 outputs
Outputs from International Breastfeeding Journal
#148
of 291 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#93,722
of 363,258 outputs
Outputs of similar age from International Breastfeeding Journal
#20
of 29 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 13,602,134 research outputs across all sources so far. This one has received more attention than most of these and is in the 72nd percentile.
So far Altmetric has tracked 291 research outputs from this source. They typically receive more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 10.0. This one is in the 48th percentile – i.e., 48% of its peers scored the same or lower than it.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 363,258 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one has gotten more attention than average, scoring higher than 74% of its contemporaries.
We're also able to compare this research output to 29 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one is in the 31st percentile – i.e., 31% of its contemporaries scored the same or lower than it.