↓ Skip to main content

Metabolic endotoxaemia in childhood obesity

Overview of attention for article published in BMC Obesity, January 2016
Altmetric Badge

About this Attention Score

  • Above-average Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age (56th percentile)
  • Average Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age and source

Mentioned by

4 tweeters
1 Redditor


17 Dimensions

Readers on

39 Mendeley
You are seeing a free-to-access but limited selection of the activity Altmetric has collected about this research output. Click here to find out more.
Metabolic endotoxaemia in childhood obesity
Published in
BMC Obesity, January 2016
DOI 10.1186/s40608-016-0083-7
Pubmed ID

Madhusudhan C. Varma, Christine M. Kusminski, Sahar Azharian, Luisa Gilardini, Sudhesh Kumar, Cecilia Invitti, Philip G. McTernan


Childhood obesity is associated with chronic low-grade inflammation considered as a precursor to metabolic disease; however, the underlying mechanisms for this remain unclear. Studies in adults have implicated gut derived gram-negative bacterial fragments known as lipopolysaccharide or endotoxin, activating the inflammatory response, whilst the importance in childhood obesity is unclear. The aim of this research is to understand the relationship between circulating endotoxin in childhood obesity, and its' association with inflammatory and cardiovascular (CV) injury biomarkers. Fasted blood was obtained from children with varying degrees of obesity (age: 13.9 ± 2.3Yr; BMI: 35.1 ± 5.2 Kg/m(2); n = 60). Multiplex CVD biomarker immunoassays were used to determine systemic levels of inflammatory and vascular injury biomarkers, such as tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin (IL-) 1β, 6, 8 and 10, plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), soluble intercellular adhesion molecule type-1 (sICAM-1), matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9), myeloperoxidase (MPO) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) as well as endotoxin levels. Endotoxin levels demonstrated a significant and positive correlation with the markers for inflammation, vascular injury and atherogenesis (TNF-α: r(2) = 0.077, p < 0.05; PAI-1: r(2) = 0.215, p < 0.01; sICAM-1: r(2) = 0.159, p < 0.01; MMP-9: r(2) = 0.159, p < 0.01; MPO: r(2) = 0.07, p < 0.05; VEGF: r(2) = 0.161, p < 0.01). Males demonstrated significantly higher circulating endotoxin than females (Males: 9.63 ± 5.34 EU/ml; p = 0.004; Females: 5.56 ± 4.06 EU/ml; n = 60) in these BMI and age-matched cohorts. The present study demonstrates for the first time a significant association between circulating endotoxin and biomarkers of metabolic risk in children as young as 11 years. Thus, endotoxin-mediated sub-clinical inflammation during childhood obesity may be a key contributor to T2DM and CVD development later in life.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 4 tweeters who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 39 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Spain 2 5%
Unknown 37 95%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Researcher 9 23%
Student > Bachelor 8 21%
Student > Ph. D. Student 5 13%
Student > Master 4 10%
Student > Doctoral Student 3 8%
Other 4 10%
Unknown 6 15%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Medicine and Dentistry 11 28%
Nursing and Health Professions 8 21%
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology 4 10%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 2 5%
Materials Science 2 5%
Other 2 5%
Unknown 10 26%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 2. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 30 April 2016.
All research outputs
of 7,628,277 outputs
Outputs from BMC Obesity
of 113 outputs
Outputs of similar age
of 326,560 outputs
Outputs of similar age from BMC Obesity
of 16 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 7,628,277 research outputs across all sources so far. This one has received more attention than most of these and is in the 54th percentile.
So far Altmetric has tracked 113 research outputs from this source. They typically receive more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 7.7. This one is in the 39th percentile – i.e., 39% of its peers scored the same or lower than it.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 326,560 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one has gotten more attention than average, scoring higher than 56% of its contemporaries.
We're also able to compare this research output to 16 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one is in the 43rd percentile – i.e., 43% of its contemporaries scored the same or lower than it.