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Estimation of country-specific and global prevalence of male circumcision

Overview of attention for article published in Population Health Metrics, March 2016
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About this Attention Score

  • In the top 5% of all research outputs scored by Altmetric
  • One of the highest-scoring outputs from this source (#3 of 359)
  • High Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age (99th percentile)

Mentioned by

news
26 news outlets
blogs
3 blogs
twitter
62 tweeters
facebook
1 Facebook page
wikipedia
6 Wikipedia pages
video
1 video uploader

Citations

dimensions_citation
63 Dimensions

Readers on

mendeley
124 Mendeley
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Title
Estimation of country-specific and global prevalence of male circumcision
Published in
Population Health Metrics, March 2016
DOI 10.1186/s12963-016-0073-5
Pubmed ID
Authors

Brian J Morris, Richard G Wamai, Esther B Henebeng, Aaron AR Tobian, Jeffrey D Klausner, Joya Banerjee, Catherine A Hankins

Abstract

Male circumcision (MC) status and genital infection risk are interlinked and MC is now part of HIV prevention programs worldwide. Current MC prevalence is not known for all countries globally. Our aim was to provide estimates for country-specific and global MC prevalence. MC prevalence data were obtained by searches in PubMed, Demographic and Health Surveys, AIDS Indicator Surveys, and Behavioural Surveillance Surveys. Male age was ≥15 years in most surveys. Where no data were available, the population proportion whose religious faith or culture requires MC was used. The total number of circumcised males in each country and territory was calculated using figures for total males from (i) 2015 US Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) data for sex ratio and total population in all 237 countries and territories globally and (ii) 2015 United Nations (UN) figures for males aged 15-64 years. The estimated percentage of circumcised males in each country and territory varies considerably. Based on (i) and (ii) above, global MC prevalence was 38.7 % (95 % confidence interval [CI]: 33.4, 43.9) and 36.7 % (95 % CI: 31.4, 42.0). Approximately half of circumcisions were for religious and cultural reasons. For countries lacking data we assumed 99.9 % of Muslims and Jews were circumcised. If actual prevalence in religious groups was lower, then MC prevalence in those countries would be lower. On the other hand, we assumed a minimum prevalence of 0.1 % related to MC for medical reasons. This may be too low, thereby underestimating MC prevalence in some countries. The present study provides the most accurate estimate to date of MC prevalence in each country and territory in the world. We estimate that 37-39 % of men globally are circumcised. Considering the health benefits of MC, these data may help guide efforts aimed at the use of voluntary, safe medical MC in disease prevention programs in various countries.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 62 tweeters who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 124 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 124 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Master 33 27%
Student > Bachelor 19 15%
Researcher 12 10%
Student > Postgraduate 9 7%
Professor 6 5%
Other 28 23%
Unknown 17 14%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Medicine and Dentistry 39 31%
Nursing and Health Professions 22 18%
Social Sciences 15 12%
Economics, Econometrics and Finance 4 3%
Unspecified 4 3%
Other 17 14%
Unknown 23 19%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 280. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 23 February 2021.
All research outputs
#65,031
of 17,086,389 outputs
Outputs from Population Health Metrics
#3
of 359 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#1,669
of 270,996 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Population Health Metrics
#1
of 1 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 17,086,389 research outputs across all sources so far. Compared to these this one has done particularly well and is in the 99th percentile: it's in the top 5% of all research outputs ever tracked by Altmetric.
So far Altmetric has tracked 359 research outputs from this source. They typically receive a lot more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 11.9. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 99% of its peers.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 270,996 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 99% of its contemporaries.
We're also able to compare this research output to 1 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one has scored higher than all of them